Volume 4 (2015)

Note from the Editor-in-Chief:

Dear Readers,

It is with immense pleasure that we present the fourth issue of wH2O: The Journal of Gender and Water. Our journey and countless hardworking individuals. We thank you for your patience, continued support, readership and dedication to the important topic of gender, water, sanitation and hygiene. Even a quick glance at these articles demonstrates the importance of water issues in the global conversation, though a deeper reading convinces of their reality. Our authors bring much needed attention to gender and WASH issues commentaries on previous research. An in depth interview with Gemma Bulos, past wH2O author and polymath known for her work as founder of Single Drop for Safe Water in the Philippines, as well as leader of the Million Voice Choir, begins our issue. Gemma shares her unorthodox path to activism with Pam Lazos, fellow WH2O author and environmental lawyer for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.

Through Liliosa Pahwaringa and colleagues, we examine the impact of water scarcity and what it means when women must travel longer distances in search of water. Ayoade Adgebite and his team conducted an empirical study on the challenges of water supply during drier seasons in peri-urban areas and how the process affects children (usually girls).

Joyce Mpalanyi Magala delves into where power truly lies within community water management associations and the barriers to women’s participation. Emelder Tagutanazvo and her colleagues focus on how gender dynamics in water management associations could be improved, especially when it comes to access to irrigation. In India, Sunetra Lala and her colleagues take a more technical angle by examining how a gendered approach could lead to success of developing sustainable WASH programs.

And what could be a better way than to use theatre to discuss taboo topics! Victoria Cano’s experiences in Bangladesh detail how community-based theatre has helped to give a voice to those that must remain silent. Perhaps a lesson to be applied as we tackle the problems faced by Dalit women, already marginalized within Indian society for their caste, as presented by Janice Lazarus.

Meanwhile in Latin America, Caroline Vines presents a follow up to a rural point-of-use water filtration program in Guatemala that was introduced to us earlier by Andi Maddox. Pam Lazos and wH2O’s very own champion Stan Laskowski examine the use of sex as a weapon by women to gain access to better sanitation in their communities and how you, the reader, could get involved to change the tide.

Finally, Emily Ingebretsen shows us how land grabbing by foreign nations affects not just the sovereignty of a country, but ignites violence surrounding water and indigenous land rights in Ethiopia. Throughout the past four years, a diverse collection of authors, editors and contributors has helped craft wH2O Journal. Their hard work and dedication allows us to serve as an international hub for gender, water, sanitation, and hygiene issues. We are continually motivated by the commitment and enthusiasm demonstrated by everyone involved in this project.

As the journal continues to evolve, we encourage interested individuals, academic institutions, organizations and businesses to join us in our effort to illuminate issues surrounding gender bias, inequality, water scarcity, geo-politics and climate change.

With regards,

Aishwarya Nair



Gender Dynamics in Water Governance Institutions: The Case of Gwanda’s Guyu-Chelesa Irrigation Scheme in Zimbabwe
Emelder M. Tagutanazvo, Vupenyu T. Dzingirai, Everisto Mapedza, and Barbara Van Koppen


Dalit Women and Water
Janice Lazarus

Prospective Opinion and Commentaries


The Accidental Alchemist
Pamela J. Lazos

Management Team

Caroline D’Angelo
Dakota Dobyns
Aishwarya Nair
Managing Director
Danielle Gambogi
Managing Editor
Edita Stuckey

Editorial Board

Arjun Bhargava
Nidhi Krishen
Sharon Muli
Katherine Pflaumer
Bailey Rowland
Priya Sathaye
Nathan Sell
Iliana Sepulveda
Anusa Sivalingam
Emily Smithman
Jennifer Stuckey
Abby Waldorf

Board of Advisors

Kusum Athukorala
NetWWater, United Nations

Eugenie Birch
University of Pennsylvania

Marcia Brewster
Nautilus International Development

Ruth Horowitz
Trustees’ Council of Penn Women

Yvette Bordeaux
University of Pennsylvania

Gemma Bulos
Global Women’s Water Initiative

Stanley Laskowski
University of Pennsylvania

Afaf Meleis
University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing

Jane Mosbacher Morris
To The Market

Barbara Paxton

Joanne Spigonardo
University of Pennsylvania, The Wharton School

Susan Wachter
University of Pennsylvania, The Wharton School

Margreet Zwarteveen
Water Resources Management Group, Wageningen University

Pamela J. Lazos
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Region 3