Volume 2 (2013)Dear Reader,
Our second and third issues of the journal are centered on the theme of security. Insecure, or unreliable, access to resources — food, water and sanitation, in particular — often have particular impacts on women, which are examined in the pages of this journal. But why, in an age of advanced technology, do food, water and sanitation insecurity still exist? This issue's wH20 authors ventured into post-earthquake Haiti, throughout Africa, Europe and the Lower Mekong Basin to assess what's actually happening on the ground. One common theme that emerged is the importance of focusing interventions and research on women. Since women are often responsible for subsistence agriculture, water collection and family health across many countries, equipping them with the education and tools to monetize and scale their work may bring much needed relief to themselves, their families, and their communities at large.
In this vein, author Abby Waldorf takes a look at microfinance, and how it can be used to empower women to manage water and sanitation projects. Gemma Bulos discusses entrepreneurship further by highlighting the work of Katosi Women's Development Trust in Uganda, which trains women to build and maintain income-generating household rainwater harvesting tanks, composting toilets and water filters. Studying urban farming schemes in West Africa, researchers Pay Dreschel, Lesley Hope and Olufunke Cofie found that women, as vegetable retailers, actually controlled credit for the male farmers. Their work shows that great care is needed in designing any gendered policy to avoid perverse outcomes. Also drilling down to the local level, Richard Asaba, G. Honor Faban, Consolata Kabonesa and Firminus Mugumya examine the socio-cultural, environmental and health impacts of water collection on women in Makondo Parish, Uganda.
Even when existing policy insists on women's inclusion in management processes, as in the European Union, researchers found that actually including women can be difficult. Using the rapidly developing Lower Mekong region as a case study, Annick Masselot and Robert Brears note that the European Union has much more to do to ensure equal access for women and men in water and sanitation management in funded projects overseas.
In Haiti, additional outreach to community members, particularly women, is needed to ensure infrastructure is built to community needs. Mimi Sheller, Heather Galada, Franco Montalto, Patrick Gurian, Michael Piasecki, Tibebu Ayalew and Stephen O'Connor surveyed the people of Leogane, Haiti, to learn what types of water and sanitation systems they want built in their area. The authors argue that participatory processes in disaster relief need a special emphasis on women.
In sum, the research in these pages emphasizes the importance of gender to fundamental goals like water and sanitation access and food security. We are grateful to our many supporters, advisory board members, and our readers and contributors worldwide. It truly takes a global village to raise a journal.
We are sad to note, however, that this fall, the journal lost a great supporter and board member: Fred Scatena, the former director of the Earth and Environmental Sciences program at the University of Pennsylvania. Fred was instrumental in getting the journal running, and his humor, friendliness and long-time participation in water research were invaluable assets.
If you would like to get involved in the journal, please send us a note at wh2Ojournal@sas.upenn.edu Information on how to submit for the journal and the blog are available on our website at vvww.wh20iournal.com. Join the larger wH20 community by signing up for our email list at our website and commenting on the papers (online).
Thanks for reading,
Gender Mainstreaming: Who Wins? Gender & Irrigated Urban Vegetable Production in West Africa
P. Drechsel, L. Hope, and O. Cofie
Gender, Disaster, and Resilience: Assessing Women's Water and Sanitation Needs in Leogane, Haiti, before and after the 201 O Earthquake
Mimi Sheller, Heather C. Galada, Franco A. Montalto, Patrick L. Gurian, Michael Piasecki, Tibebu B. Ayalew, and Stephen O'Connor
Beyond Distance and Time: Gender and the Burden of Water Collection in Rural Uganda
Richard B. Asaba, G. Honor Fagan, Consolata Kabonesa, and Firminus Mugumya
Prospective Opinion and Commentaries
wH20 Management Team
- Caroline D'Angelo
- Dakota Dobyns
- Caroline D'Angelo
- Managing Director
- Dakota Dobyns
- Managing Editor
- Aishwarya Nair
- Administrative Coordinator
- Danielle Gambogia
- Board of Advisors
- Kusum Athukorala, NetWWater, United Nations
- Eugenia Birch, University of Pennsylvania
- Marcia Brewster, Nautilus International Development
- Yvette Bordeaux, University of Pennsylvania
- Gemma Bulos, Global Women's Water Initiative
- Stanley Laskowski, University of Pennsylvania
- Afaf Meleis, University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing
- Jane Mosbacher Morris, The McCain Institute
- Barbara Paxton
- Joanne Spigonardo, University of Pennsylvania The Wharton School
- Susan Wachter, University of Pennsylvania, The Wharton School
- Margreet Zwarteveen, Water Resources Management Group, Wageningen University
- Editorial Board
- Arjun Bhargava
- Sarah Drexler
- Sharon Muli
- Katherine Pflaumer
- Silvia Schmid
- Iliana Sepulveda
- Abby Waldorf
- Keesler Welch
- Austin Davis
- Andreas Slotte
- Matthew Marcus
- Cornelia Colijn