Document Type

Working Paper

Date of this Version



Comments: Williams, Michael P. "A 'Loochooan' New Testament" Unique at Penn (Posted: 25 July 2014)


Essay on the history and bibliography of four books of the New Testament (including two editions of the Gospel of Luke) translated by evangelist Bernard Jean Bettelheim into Japanese/Ryukyuan, and published in Hong Kong, 1855-1858. Provides context on Bettelheim's role in Okinawan history as well as his knowledge of the languages spoken on Okinawa in the mid-1800s.


Bettelheim, Bible, New Testament, Okinawa, Ryukyuan history



Date Posted: 29 August 2014


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