Within weeks of 9/11, the US began what eventually became its longest war when it invaded Afghanistan on October 7, 2001. Two years later, it invaded Iraq where it remained till 2011 (though it returned between 2014-17). Aside from these two major military initiatives, the US also engaged in several drone strikes and other operations in Pakistan, Yemen, Somalia and Libya. In short, for the last twenty years, the United States has consistently been at war in several countries. All of these countries are Muslim majority countries and Islamophobia and anti-Muslim racism has often been used to justify these wars. The modules on Foreign Policy look specifically at the US’ engagement in Afghanistan and Iraq to help students understand the costs of these wars both financially and on human life.
2001 – ="https://repository.upenn.edu/teachingbeyondsept11-foreign-policy/1/">The Origins of US Interventions in Afghanistan
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