Statistics Papers

Document Type

Journal Article

Date of this Version

2002

Publication Source

North American Actuarial Journal

Volume

6

Issue

4

Start Page

21

Last Page

37

DOI

10.1080/10920277.2002.10596061

Abstract

In most countries, females live several years longer than males. Many biological and behavioral reasons have been presented in the scientific literature to explain this “female advantage.” A cross-sectional regression study, using 45 explanatory variables and data collected from 169 countries, provides support to the behavioral hypothesis. Four variables, unrelated to biological sex differences, explain over 61% of the variability of the life expectancy differential. One variable (the number of persons per physician) summarizes the degree of economic development of a country. The three other selected variables (the fertility rate, the percentage of Hindus and Buddhists, and Europeans countries of the former Soviet Union) are social/cultural/religious variables. This conclusion is slightly weakened when the presence of spatial autocorrelation in the data is specifically acknowledged.

Copyright/Permission Statement

This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in North American Actuarial Journal on 04 Jan 2013, available online: http://wwww.tandfonline.com/10.1080/10920277.2002.10596061.

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Date Posted: 27 November 2017