Date of this Version
North American Actuarial Journal
In most countries, females live several years longer than males. Many biological and behavioral reasons have been presented in the scientific literature to explain this “female advantage.” A cross-sectional regression study, using 45 explanatory variables and data collected from 169 countries, provides support to the behavioral hypothesis. Four variables, unrelated to biological sex differences, explain over 61% of the variability of the life expectancy differential. One variable (the number of persons per physician) summarizes the degree of economic development of a country. The three other selected variables (the fertility rate, the percentage of Hindus and Buddhists, and Europeans countries of the former Soviet Union) are social/cultural/religious variables. This conclusion is slightly weakened when the presence of spatial autocorrelation in the data is specifically acknowledged.
This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in North American Actuarial Journal on 04 Jan 2013, available online: http://wwww.tandfonline.com/10.1080/10920277.2002.10596061.
Lemaire, J. (2002). Why Do Females Live Longer Than Males?. North American Actuarial Journal, 6 (4), 21-37. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10920277.2002.10596061
Date Posted: 27 November 2017