Departmental Papers (SPP)

Global Change and Indicators of Social Development

Richard J. Estes, University of Pennsylvania

Document Type Book Chapter


This chapter discusses the contribution of social indicators, social reporting, and social indexes to community practice. The chapter is divided into two parts: Part I discusses the development of social indicators, social reporting, and social index construction from a historical perspective; Part II identifies the contribution of these innovations to community-focused measurement from a contemporary perspective. The concepts discussed in both parts of the chapter are illustrated with examples drawn from community practice both within and outside the United States. The chapter also contains links for practitioners to some of the most important electronic sources of local, national, regional, and international social indicator data.


Date Posted: 13 February 2017

This document has been peer reviewed.