Departmental Papers (Sociology)

Document Type

Journal Article

Date of this Version

5-2014

Publication Source

American Journal of Sociology

Volume

119

Issue

6

Start Page

1710

Last Page

1760

DOI

10.1086/674007

Abstract

In the early 20th century, contraceptives were illegal and, for many, especially religious groups, taboo. But, in the span of just two years, between 1929 and 1931, many of the United States’ most prominent religious groups pronounced contraceptives to be moral and began advocating for the laws restricting them to be repealed. Met with everything from support, to silence, to outright condemnation by other religious groups, these pronouncements and the debates they caused divided the American religious field by an issue of sex and gender for the first time. This article explains why America’s religious groups took the positions they did at this crucial moment in history. In doing so, it demonstrates that the politics of sex and gender that divide American religion today is deeply rooted in century-old inequalities of race and class.

Copyright/Permission Statement

© 2014 by the University of Chicago Press.

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Date Posted: 25 June 2018

This document has been peer reviewed.