Publication Date

Spring 2015


Each student in the Qualitative Methods Research Class (SW781), Spring 2015, recruited a study participant (n=25) (undergraduate students, graduate students, staff, and faculty from across the University) and trained them in the appropriate and ethical use of this method. Study participants were asked to define and explore the meaning of “fear” and “safety” in their daily lives and were instructed to use their phones to document their exploration over the course of one week. Using the participant-generated photographs to guide conversation, each member of the research team conducted an interview with a participant.

The topic for this project was determined using nominal group technique (NGT). NGT is a structured small-group discussion approach used to reach consensus. A moderator (in this case the professor) asks the group a question and gathers the responses (in this case potential project topics) from each group member.

Once all potential topics are shared with the entire group, each member of the group prioritizes the topics. This process prevents one person from dominating the discussion, encourages all group members to participate, and results in a set of prioritized topics that represents the group’s preferences. The class, by way of NGT, decided to investigate how the University of Pennsylvania community perceives fear and safety.


Student Researchers: Terry-An Alouidor, Adam Anderson, Evan Beilin, Katherine Cole, Corrine Collins, Sloane Fowkes, Shoshana Frenkel, Kristin Harkins, Alexandra Harrsch, Daniel Jacobson, Natalie Jengo, Chelsea Keeler, Kelly Kowalchuk, Sungsim Lee, Amanda Longacre, Brittany Miller, Erica Morse, Raquel Perlman, Edward Scott, Elizabeth Seitel, Kristen Smith, Lauren Tedeschi, Kelsey Van Selous, James Voelzke

Professor: Rosemary Frasso, Ph.D

Exhibit Design: Jesse Golinkoff

Exhibit Editor: Erica Morse

Scientific Advisor: Carolyn Cannuscio, Sc.D

Please also see our PennWIC blog post for more description and photos.



Download Poster (43.2 MB)

Download Class Photo with Exhibit (96 KB)

Download Exhibit in Van Pelt Library (69 KB)

Download Exhibit in Van Pelt Library (50 KB)

Download Exhibit in Van Pelt Library (103 KB)

ClassPhoto.jpeg (96 kB)
Class Photo with Exhibit

ExhibitPhoto1.jpeg (69 kB)
Exhibit in Van Pelt Library

ExhibitPhoto2.jpeg (50 kB)
Exhibit in Van Pelt Library

ExhibitPhoto3.jpeg (103 kB)
Exhibit in Van Pelt Library

Fear and Safety: Students use qualitiative methods to explore the meaning of fear and safety among the University of Pennsylvania community