Real Estate Papers

Document Type

Journal Article

Date of this Version

2005

Publication Source

The Review of Economic Studies

Volume

72

Issue

4

Start Page

1077

Last Page

1106

DOI

10.1111/0034-6527.00362

Abstract

To study the detailed location patterns of industries, and particularly the tendency for industries to cluster relative to overall manufacturing, we develop distance-based tests of localization. In contrast to previous studies, our approach allows us to assess the statistical significance of departures from randomness. In addition, we treat space as continuous instead of using an arbitrary collection of geographical units. This avoids problems relating to scale and borders. We apply these tests to an exhaustive U.K. data-set. For four-digit industries, we find that (i) 52% of them are localized at a 5% confidence level, (ii) localization mostly takes place at small scales below 50 km, (iii) the degree of localization is very skewed, and (iv) industries follow broad sectoral patterns with respect to localization. Depending on the industry, smaller establishments can be the main drivers of both localization and dispersion. Three-digit sectors show similar patterns of localization at small scales as well as a tendency to localize at medium scales.

Copyright/Permission Statement

This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in The Review of Economic Studies following peer review. The version of record is available online at: http://restud.oxfordjournals.org/content/72/4/1077.short

Share

COinS
 

Date Posted: 27 November 2017

This document has been peer reviewed.