The Population Center Working Papers (PSC/PARC) series contains papers by researchers at the PSC/PARC. It serves as an outlet for pre-prints, for papers under journal review, and for background papers (e.g., for technical materials for which journals lack space) written by PSC/PARC Research Associates. The series also publishes submissions from students affiliated with Research Associates at the PSC/PARC with Research Associate sponsorship. The PSC/PARC series combines works previously published in the Population Studies Center Working Paper Series and the Population Aging Research Center Working Paper Series and also includes papers from the Penn Education and Inequality Working Papers Series. Papers can be submitted by emailing: psc-library@pop.upenn.edu.

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Papers from 2022

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Social Protection and Foundational Cognitive Skills During Adolescence: Evidence from a Large Public Works Programme, Richard Freund, Marta Favara, Catherine Porter, and Jere R. Behrman

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The Impact of the JUNTOS Conditional Cash Transfer Programme on Foundational Cognitive Skills: Does Age of Enrollment Matter?, Douglas Scott, Jennifer Lopez, Alan Sánchez, and Jere R. Behrman

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Communication with Kin in the Wake of the COVID-19 Pandemic, Megan N. Reed, Linda Li, Luca Maria Pesando, Lauren E. Harris, Frank F. Furstenberg, and Julien O. Teitler

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Resilience, Accelerated Aging and Persistently Poor Health: Diverse Trajectories of Health among the Global Poor, Iliana V. Kohler, Cung Truong Hoang, Vikesh Amin, Jere R. Behrman, and Hans-Peter Kohler

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State Immigration Policy Contexts and Racialized Legal Status Disparities in Healthcare Utilization among U.S. Agricultural Workers, Rebecca Anna Schut and Courtney Boen

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Change in Subjective Well-Being, Affluence and Trust in State Governments in India, Vani S. Kulkarni, Veena S. Kulkarni, Katsushi Imai, and Raghav Gaiha

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How Major Risk Factors Influence Mortality Trends in the National Health Interview Survey, Samuel Preston and Yana Vierboom

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Does Schooling Improve Cognitive Abilities at Older Ages: Causal Evidence from Nonparametric Bounds, Vikesh Amin, Jere R. Behrman, Jason M. Fletcher, Carlos A. Flores, Alfonso Flores-Lagunes, and Hans-Peter Kohler

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Marriage Change and Fertility Decline in sub-Saharan Africa, 1991-2019, Monica J. Grant and Hans-Peter Kohler

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Change in Subjective Well-Being, Affluence and Trust in Judiciary in India, Vani S. Kulkarni, Veena S. Kulkarni, Katsushi S. Imai, and Raghav Gaiha

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“Reverse Policies?” Reducing the Legal Minimum Age at Marriage Increases Child Marriage Among the Poorest in Mali, Ewa Batyra and Luca Maria Pesando

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Substance Abuse during the Pandemic: Implications for Labor-Force Participation, Jeremy Greenwood, Nezih Guner, and Karen A. Kopecky

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Change in Subjective Well-Being, Affluence and Trust in Politicians, Vani S. Kulkarni, Veena S. Kulkarni, Katsushi S. Imai, and Raghav Gaiha

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Work and Family Disadvantage: Mechanisms of Gender Gaps in Paid Work During the COVID-19 Pandemic, Yasmin Mertehikian and Pilar Gonalons-Pons

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Care Labor Demand Shocks and Inequality: How Childcare Costs Exacerbate Inequality among American Families, Pilar Gonalons-Pons and Ioana Marinescu

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Union Formation, Within-Couple Dynamics, and Child Well-Being in Global Comparative Perspective, Ewa Batyra, Luca Maria Pesando, Andrés F. Castro, Frank F. Furstenberg, and Hans-Peter Kohler

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The Downward Spiral, Jeremy Greenwood, Nezih Guner, and Karen A. Kopecky

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Aging and Hypertension among the Global Poor—Panel Data Evidence from Malawi, Iliana V. Kohler, Nikkil Sudharsanan, Chiwoza Bandawe, and Hans-Peter Kohler

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Long-Term Care Insurance Financing Using Home Equity Release: Evidence from an Online Experimental Survey, Katja Hanewald, Hazel Bateman, Hanming Fang, and Tin Long Ho

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Barker’s Hypothesis Among the Global Poor: Positive Long-term Cardiovascular Effects of In-utero Famine Exposure, Alberto Ciancio, Jere R. Behrman, Fabrice Kämpfen, Iliana V. Kohler, Jürgen Maurer, Victor Mwapasa, and Hans-Peter Kohler

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Differentiated Egalitarianism: The Impact of Paid Family Leave Policy on Women's and Men's Paid and Unpaid Work, Pilar Gonalons-Pons

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Harnessing the Potential of Google Searches for Understanding Dynamics of Intimate Partner Violence Before and After COVID-19 Outbreak, Selin Köksal, Luca Maria Pesando, Valentina Rotondi, and Ebru Şanlıtürk

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Same Environment, Stratified Impacts? Air Pollution, Extreme Temperatures, and Birth Weight in South China, Xiaoying Liu, Jere R. Behrman, Emily Hannum, Fan Wang, and Qingguo Zhao

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Fewer, Better Pathways For All? Intersectional Impacts of Rural School Consolidation in China’s Minority Regions, Emily Hannum and Fan Wang

Papers from 2021

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“Golden Ages”: A Tale of the Labor Markets in China and the United States, Hanming Fang and Xincheng Qiu

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The Heterogeneous Impacts of Natural Disasters on Risk Preferences in Indonesia, Helene Purcell

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A Global Turn in Sociology: Approaching Social Problems from an International Vantage Point, Jerry A. Jacobs and Elinore Avni

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Heterogenous Trajectories in Physical, Mental and Cognitive Health among Older Americans: Roles of Genetics and Earlier SES, Cung Truong Hoang, Vikesh Amin, Jere R. Behrman, Hans-Peter Kohler, and Iliana V. Kohler

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Parental Educational Similarity and Infant Health in Chile: Evidence from Administrative Records, 1990-2015, Alejandra Abufhele, Andrés Felipe Castro Torres, and Luca Maria Pesando

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Safer if Connected? Mobile Technology and Intimate Partner Violence, Luca Maria Pesando

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The Asian Games, Air Pollution and Birth Outcomes in South China: An Instrumental Variable Approach, Xiaoying Liu, Huazhang Miao, Jere R. Behrman, Emily Hannum, Zhijiang Liang, and Qingguo Zhao

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Changes in Subjective versus Objective Well-Being in India, Vani S. Kulkarni, Veena S. Kulkarni, Katsushi S. Imai, and Raghav Gaiha

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The Role of Public Trust in People's Subjective Well-Being, Vani S. Kulkarni and Raghav Gaiha

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Family Companionship and Elderly Suicide: Evidence from the Chinese Lunar New Year, Hanming Fang, Ziteng Lei, Liguo Lin, and Peng Zhang

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Change and Variation in Couples' Earnings Equality Following Parenthood, Kelly Musick, Pilar Gonalons-Pons, and Christine Schwartz

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The Effects of Negative Economic Shocks at Birth on Adolescents’ Cognitive Health and Educational Attainment in Malawi, Fabrice Kämpfen, Fatima Zahra, Hans-Peter Kohler, and Rachel Kidman

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Curtailing COVID-19 on a Dollar-a-Day in Malawi: Implications for the Ongoing Pandemic, Iliana V. Kohler, Fabrice Kämpfen, Alberto Ciancio, James Mwera, Victor Mwapasa, and Hans-Peter Kohler

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The Great Transition: Kuznets Facts for Family-Economists, Jeremy Greenwood, Nezih Guner, and Ricardo Marto

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The Health Impacts of Eviction: Evidence from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health, Morgan Hoke and Courtney E. Boen

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Gender Gaps in Cognitive and Noncognitive Skills: Roles of SES and Gender Attitudes, Justine Hervé, Subha Mani, Jere R. Behrman, Arindam Nandi, Anjana Sankhil Lamkang, and Ramanan Laxminarayan

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Maternal Undernutrition in Adolescence and Child Human Capital Formation over the Life-Course: Evidence from an International Cohort Study, Andreas Georgiadis, Liza Benny, Paul Dornan, and Jere R. Behrman

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Family Change and Variation Through the Lens of Family Configurations in Low- and Middle-Income Countries, Andrés Felipe Castro Torres, Luca Maria Pesando, Hans-Peter Kohler, and Frank F. Furstenberg

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Estimating the Effects of Educational System Consolidation: The Case of China’s Rural School Closure Initiative, Emily Hannum, Xiaoying Liu, and Fan Wang

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Effect Pathways of Informal Family Separation on Children’s Outcomes: Paternal Labor Migration and Long-term Educational Attainment of Left-Behind Children in Rural China, Wensong Shen, Li-Chung Hu, and Emily Hannum

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Generation-Blindness and the COVID-19 Websites of Highly Selective Universities, Marcus T. Wright

Papers from 2020

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Occupation-Based Socioeconomic Index with Percentile Ranks, Xi Song and Yu Xie

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Using Administrative Big Data to Solve Problems in Social Science and Policy Research, Xi Song and Thomas S. Coleman

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Path Dependence in Disability, Neha Agarwal, Hans-Peter Kohler, and Subha Mani

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The Impact of an Experimental Guaranteed Income on Crime and Violence, David Calnitsky and Pilar Gonalons-Pons

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Exit, Voice, and Loyalty in the Family, Pilar Gonalons-Pons and David Calnitsky

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Modeling Age Patterns of Under-5 Mortality: Results From a Log-Quadratic Model Applied to High-Quality Vital Registration Data, Michel Guillot, Julio Romero Prieto, Andrea Verhulst, and Patrick Gerland

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Women’s Employment and Fertility in a Global Perspective (1960-2015), Julia Behrman and Pilar Gonalons-Pons

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Multigenerational Social Mobility: A Demographic Approach, Xi Song

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The Selective Impact of Changes in Age-at-Marriage Laws on Early Marriage: Policy Challenges and Implications for Women’s Higher-Education Attendance, Ewa Batyra and Luca Maria Pesando

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Poverty Transitions, Health, and Socio-Economic Disparities in India, Veena S. Kulkarni, Vani S. Kulkarni, and Raghav Gaiha

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Genetic Risks, Adolescent Health and Schooling Attainment, Vikesh Amin, Jere R. Behrman, Jason M. Fletcher, Carlos A. Flores, Alfonso Flores-Lagunes, and Hans-Peter Kohler

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A Sequence-Analysis Approach to the Study of the Transition to Adulthood in Low- and Middle-Income Countries, Maria Sironi, Nicola Barban, Luca Maria Pesando, and Frank F. Furstenberg

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Rural Poverty and Disability in LMICs, Raghav Gaiha, Shantanu Mathur, and Vani S. Kulkarni

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Age-Period-Cohort Analysis: What Is It Good For?, Herbert L. Smith

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The Labor Force Trajectories of Immigrant Women: Intersecting Personal Characteristics and Migration Dynamics, Sandra Florian, Chenoa Flippen, and Emilio A. Parrado

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Know Your Epidemic, Know Your Response: COVID-19 in the United States, Alberto Ciancio, Fabrice Kämpfen, Iliana V. Kohler, Daniel Bennett, Wändi Bruine de Bruin, Jill Darling, Arie Kapteyn, Jürgen Maurer, and Hans-Peter Kohler

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Changing Gender Gaps in the Timing of Partnership Formation in Sub-Saharan Africa, Ewa Batyra, Hans-Peter Kohler, and Frank F. Furstenberg

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Changes in Couples’ Earnings Following Parenthood and Trends in Family Earnings Inequality, Pilar Gonalons-Pons, Christine R. Schwartz, and Kelly Musick

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Health Screening for Emerging Disease Burdens Among the Global Poor, Alberto Ciancio, Fabrice Kämpfen, Hans-Peter Kohler, and Iliana V. Kohler

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The Effects of Negative Economic Shocks at Birth on Child Health in Sub-Saharan Africa, Fabrice Kämpfen

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Mortality Risk Information, Survival Expectations and Sexual Behaviors, Alberto Ciancio, Adeline Delavande, Hans-Peter Kohler, and Iliana V. Kohler

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The Causal Effects of Parents' Schooling on Children's Schooling in Urban China, Jere R. Behrman, Yuan Hu, and Junsen Zhang

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After-School Tutoring, Household Substitution and Student Achievement: Experimental Evidence from Rural China, Jere R. Behrman, C. Simon Fan, Xiangdong Wei, Hongliang Zhang, and Junsen Zhang

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The State of Mental Health Among the Elderly Chinese, Yi Chen and Hanming Fang

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The Mature Adults Cohort of the Malawi Longitudinal Study of Families and Health (MLSFH-MAC), Iliana V. Kohler, Chiwoza Bandawe, Alberto Ciancio, Fabrice Kämpfen, Collin F. Payne, James Mwera, James Mkandawire, and Hans-Peter Kohler

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Marital Dissolutions and Changes in Mental Health: Evidence from Rural Malawi, Tyler W. Myroniuk, Hans-Peter Kohler, and Iliana V. Kohler

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The Wife's Protector: A Quantitative Theory Linking Contraceptive Technology with the Decline in Marriage, Jeremy Greenwood, Nezih Guner, and Karen A. Kopecky

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Mental Health, Schooling Attainment and Polygenic Scores: Are There Significant Gene-Environment Associations?, Vikesh Amin, Jere R. Behrman, Jason M. Fletcher, Carlos A. Flores, Alfonso Flores-Lagunes, and Hans-Peter Kohler

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Getting the Teacher’s Attention: Parent-Teacher Contact and Teachers’ Behavior in the Classroom, Natalie A. E. Young

Papers from 2019

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Does Sorting Matter for Learning Inequality? Evidence from East Africa, Paul Anand, Jere R. Behrman, Hai-Anh H. Dang, and Sam Jones

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The Long-Term Consequences of Family Planning in Old Age: Evidence from China's "Later, Longer, Fewer" Campaign, Yi Chen and Hanming Fang

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Persistence of Non-Communicable Diseases, Affluence and Inequality in India, Veena S. Kulkarni, Vani S. Kulkarni, and Raghav Gaiha

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Employment, Aging and Disease in India, Veena S. Kulkarni, Vani S. Kulkarni, and Raghav Gaiha

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Trust in Hospitals-Evidence from India, Vani S. Kulkarni, Veena S. Kulkarni, and Raghav Gaiha

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Assessing (and Addressing) Reporting Heterogeneity in Visual Analogue Scales (VAS) with an Application to Gender Difference in Quality of Life, Zhiyong Huang and Fabrice Kämpfen

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Non-communicable Diseases and Depression: Evidence from South Africa, Manoj K. Pandey, Vani S. Kulkarni, and Raghav Gaiha

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Family Change in Global Perspective: How and Why Family Systems Change, Frank F. Furstenberg

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Do Family Privileges Bring Gender Equality? Instrumentalism and (De)Stereotyping of STEM Career Aspiration Among Chinese Adolescents, Ran Liu

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A Tangled Web: The Reciprocal Relationship between Depression and Educational Outcomes in China, Wensong Shen

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Differences at the Extremes? Gender, National Contexts, and Math Performance in Latin America, Ran Liu, Andrea Alvarado-Urbina, and Emily Hannum

Papers from 2018

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A Pilot Study of Uncertainty in Income Tax Forecasts, Andrew Joung, Benjamin Lockwood, and Alex Rees-Jones

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Aging, Disability and Disease in India, Veena S. Kulkarni, Vani S. Kulkarni, and Raghav Gaiha

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Growing Burden of Non-Communicable Diseases in India, Pratima Yadav, Vani S. Kulkarni, and Raghav Gaiha

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American Kinship Reconsidered, Frank F. Furstenberg

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Aging, Depression, Non-Communicable Diseases and Disabilities in South Africa, Manoj K. Pandey, Vani S. Kulkarni, and Raghav Gaiha

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Negotiating a Better Future: How Interpersonal Skills Facilitate Inter-generational Investment, Nava Ashraf, Natalie Bau, Corinne Low, and Kathleen McGinn

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Household Determinants of Teen Marriage and Childbearing: Sister Effects Across Four Low- and Middle-Income Countries, Luca Maria Pesando and Alejandra Abufhele

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Global Family Change: Persistent Diversity with Development, Luca Maria Pesando, Andrés F. Castro, Liliana Andriano, Julia A. Behrman, Francesco Billari, Christiaan Monden, Frank Furstenberg, and Hans-Peter Kohler

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Childhood Inequality in China, Natalie A. E. Young and Emily Hannum

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Gender-Math Stereotype, Biased Self-Assessment, and Aspiration in STEM Careers: The Gender Gap among Early Adolescents in China, Ran Liu

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Departing from the Beaten Path: International Schools in China as Response to Discrimination and Academic Failure in the Chinese Educational System, Natalie A. E. Young

Papers from 2017

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Cohort Profile: The Migration and Health in Malawi (MHM) Study, Philip Anglewicz, Mark VanLandingham, Lucinda Manda-Taylor, and Hans-Peter Kohler

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The Impact of Extended Reproductive Time Horizons: Evidence from Israel's Expansion of Access to IVF, Naomi Gershoni and Corinne Low

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Betting the House: How Assets Influence Marriage Selection, Marital Stability, and Child Investments, Jeanne Lafortune and Corinne Low

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Wealth Disparities for Early Childhood Anthropometrics and Skills: Evidence from Chilean Longitudinal Data, Jere R. Behrman, Dante Contreras, Isidora Palma, and Esteban Puentes