Date of this Version
Professor Fernando Chang-Muy
refugee, resettlement, policymaking, institution, NGO, Kenya, Uganda, Italy, Germany, Hungary, USA, Canada, centralization, human rights, naturalization
This thesis attempts to analyze one of the gravest humanitarian challenges of our time, the refugee crisis, and make it accessible. After beginning with some definitional terms, the paper describes refugee policies in seven countries with distinctly different resources and legacies of hosting refugees to determine the state regulations and programs that those countries have relied upon in the past. The countries involved include the haven countries of Kenya and Uganda, the coastal nation of Italy, the inland European countries of Germany and Hungary, and the North American countries of the USA and Canada. All of these countries are scrutinized based on their previous and current institutions, the author’s personal experiences with them, and contemporary literature on refugee hosting. Based on this information, the author offers recommendations for refugee hosting policy to each of these nations and considers the importance of four-part coordination: international coordination, national government coordination, NGO (non-governmental organization) involvement and the private sector, on state-based refugee policies. The paper’s recommendations will be based on ratified international legislation, centralization of hosting, programs based on education, vocational training, employment, and naturalization, and unique factors relevant to each host country.
Date Posted: 03 May 2020