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Using combined neutron spectroscopy and first-principles calculations, we investigated the electronic structure and vibrational dynamics of the recently discovered class of ternary hydrides Li4Tt2H (Tt=Si and Ge). In these compounds, all hydrogen atoms are located in a single type of Li6-defined octahedral site. The Tt atoms form long-range Tt-Tt chains sandwiched between each Li6-octahedra layer. The Li-H interactions are strongly ionic, with bond lengths comparable to those in LiH. Our density functional theory calculations indicate that Li atoms transfer their electrons to both H and Tt atoms. Tt atoms within the Tt-Tt chain are bonded covalently. The electronic density of states reveals that both hydrides exhibit metallic behavior. The observed vibrational spectra of these hydrides are in good overall agreement with the calculated phonon modes. There is evidence of dispersion induced splitting in the optical phonon peaks that can be ascribed to the coupling of H vibrations within the Li6-octahedra layers.
Wu, H., Zhou, W., Udovic, T. J., Rush, J. J., Yildirim, T., Hartman, M. R., Bowman, R. C., & Vajo, J. J. (2007). Neutron Vibrational Spectroscopy and First-Principles Calculations of the Ternary Hydrides Li4Si2H(D) and Li4Ge2H(D): Electronic Structure and Lattice Dynamics. Retrieved from https://repository.upenn.edu/physics_papers/120
Date Posted: 02 February 2011
This document has been peer reviewed.