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We examine a simple hard-disk fluid with no long-range interactions on the two-dimensional space of constant negative Gaussian curvature, the hyperbolic plane. This geometry provides a natural mechanism by which global crystalline order is frustrated, allowing us to construct a tractable, one-parameter model of disordered monodisperse hard disks. We extend free-area theory and the virial expansion to this regime, deriving the equation of state for the system, and compare its predictions with simulations near an isostatic packing in the curved space. Additionally, we investigate packing and dynamics on triply periodic, negatively curved surfaces with an eye toward real biological and polymeric systems.
Modes, C. D., & Kamien, R. (2008). Geometrical Frustration in Two Dimensions: Idealizations and Realizations of a Hard-Disk Fluid in Negative Curvature. Retrieved from https://repository.upenn.edu/physics_papers/109
Date Posted: 25 January 2011
This document has been peer reviewed.