University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology Papers

Document Type

Technical Report

Date of this Version



Plant remains from the Citadel Mound at Godin Tepe that date to the late 4th millennium B.C. were analyzed. The main crops represented are: lentil (Lens culinaris), bread/hard wheat (Triticum aestivum or T. durum), emmer (T. dicoccum) and barley (Hordeum vulgare), at least some of which is the 6-row type. Comparisons with contemporary sites in Turkey and Iran give some support to the view of the excavators that the residents of the Citadel Mound may well have come from the lowlands.


The archaeobotanical research was carried out in 1990 at the Museum Applied Science Center for Archaeology (MASCA). Its data are referenced in a few publications (Miller 2003, 2011), but the report has remained unpublished. Much more archaeobotanical information from Iran, even some from the Chalcolithic, has become available in the intervening years, along with new approaches and interpretations. I have not updated this report, as the data themselves have not changed. A general volume on the excavation has also become available (Gopnik and Rothman 2011, On the High Road. The History of Godin Tepe, Iran).


archaeobotany, paleoethnobotany, Uruk period, Chalcolithic, Iranian archaeology



Date Posted: 05 April 2023