PARC Working Paper Series

Document Type

Working Paper

Date of this Version



Arenas de Mesa, Alberto, David Bravo, Jere R. Behrman, Olivia S. Mitchell, and Petra Todd with assistance from Andres Otero, Jeremy Skog, Javiera Vasquez and Viviana Velez-Grajales. 2006. "The Chilean Pension Reform Turns 25: Lessons from the Social Protection Survey." PARC Working Paper Series, WPS 06-03.


In 1980, Chile dramatically reformed its retirement system, replacing what was an old insolvent PAYGO program with a new structure that relies heavily on funded defined contribution individual accounts. In addition, eligibility and benefit requirements were standardized, and a safety net for old-age poverty was strengthened. Twenty-five years after this reform, the Chilean model is being re-assessed, in terms of coverage, contribution, investment, and retirement benefit outcomes. This paper introduces a recently-developed longitudinal survey of individual respondents in Chile, the Social Protection Survey (or Encuesta de Previsión Social, EPS), and illustrates some uses of this survey for microeconomic analysis of key aspects of the Chilean system.


Chile, Retirement system, PAYGO, Defined contribution individual accounts, Social Protection Survey



Date Posted: 18 March 2008