Document Type

Journal Article

Date of this Version

6-2011

Publication Source

Heart & Lung: The Journal of Acute and Critical Care

Volume

40

Issue

3

Start Page

e4

Last Page

e14

DOI

10.1016/j.hrtlng.2010.04.002

Abstract

Objective

In individuals with depressive symptoms and coronary heart disease (CHD), little is known about gender-specific characteristics that may inform treatments and outcomes. This study sought to identify characteristics that distinguish men from women with both conditions.

Methods

By cross-sectional design, 1951 adults with CHD and elevated depressive symptoms completed questionnaires to measure anxiety, hostility, perceived control, and knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs about CHD. Gender differences were evaluated by multivariable logistic regression.

Results

Women were more likely to be single (odds ratio [OR] 3.61, P < .001), to be unemployed (OR 2.52, P < .001), to be poorly educated (OR 2.52, P < .001), to be anxious (OR 1.14, P < .01), and to perceive lower control over health (OR 1.34, P < .01) than men.

Conclusion

Women with CHD and depressive symptoms have fewer resources, greater anxiety, and lower perceived control than men. In women, targeting modifiable factors, such as anxiety and perceived control, is warranted.

Copyright/Permission Statement

NOTICE: This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Heart & Lung. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms, may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Heart & Lung, 2011, 40(3), e-40-14. doi: 10.1016/j.hrtlng.2010.04.002

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Date Posted: 01 June 2016

This document has been peer reviewed.