Date of this Version
Research in Nursing & Health
Patients with heart failure (HF) report multiple symptoms. Change in symptoms is an indicator of HF decompensation. Patients have difficulty differentiating HF symptoms from comorbid illness or aging. The study purpose was to identify the number, type, and combination of symptoms in hospitalized HF patients and test relationships with comorbid illness and age. A secondary analysis from a HF registry (N=687) was conducted. The sample was 51.7% female, mean age 71±12.5 years. The theory of unpleasant symptoms informed the study regarding the multidimensional nature of symptoms. Factor analysis of 9 items from the Minnesota Living with HF Questionnaire resulted in three factors, acute and chronic volume overload and emotional distress. Clusters occurred more frequently in older patients, but caused less impact.
This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Symptom Clusters of Heart Failure, which has been published in final form at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/nur.20343/pdf This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving
heart failure, symptoms, self-care
Riegel, B. (2009). Symptom Clusters of Heart Failure. Research in Nursing & Health, 32 (5), 551-560. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/nur.20343
Date Posted: 01 June 2016
This document has been peer reviewed.