Document Type

Journal Article

Date of this Version

1-1-2016

Publication Source

Clinical Nursing Research

Volume

25

Issue

4

Start Page

362

Last Page

377

DOI

10.1177/1054773815623252

Abstract

Hospitalizations are common in heart failure (HF). Multimorbidity, defined as ≥2 comorbid conditions, drives many readmissions. The purpose of this pilot study was to test the effectiveness of motivational interviewing (MI) in decreasing these hospital readmissions. We enrolled 100 hospitalized HF patients into a randomized controlled trial, randomizing in a 2:1 ratio: intervention (n = 70) and control (n = 30). The intervention group received MI tailored to reports of self-care during one home visit and three to four follow-up phone calls. After 3 months, 34 participants had at least one hospital readmission. The proportion of patients readmitted for a condition unrelated to HF was lower in the intervention (7.1%) compared with the control group (30%, p = .003). Significant predictors of a non-HF readmission were intervention group, age, diabetes, and hemoglobin. Together, these variables explained 35% of the variance in multimorbidity readmissions. These preliminary results are promising in suggesting that MI may be an effective method of decreasing multimorbidity hospital readmissions in HF patients.

Copyright/Permission Statement

Riegel, B. et al, Effectiveness of Motivational Interviewing in Decreasing Hospital Readmission in Adults with Heart Failure and Multimorbidity, Cinical Nursing Research 25, no. 4: pp. 362-377. Copyright © 2016 SAGE. Reprinted by permission of SAGE Publications

Keywords

Aged, Comorbidity, Ethnic Groups, Female, Heart Failure, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Motivational Interviewing, Patient Readmission, Self Care

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Date Posted: 06 August 2018

This document has been peer reviewed.