Neuroethics Publications

Document Type

Book Chapter

Date of this Version


Publication Source

The Oxford Handbook of Developmental and Life-Course Criminology




This chapter presents major biological and biosocial findings in relation to the development of offending. It reviews empirical findings on the association between two psychophysiological factors, heart rate and skin conductance, and offending. The chapter then discusses the heritability of antisocial behavior and the contribution of genetics to the understanding of developmental trajectories, stability, and change in offending. The structural and functional brain abnormalities in antisocial individuals across different age groups are then discussed, along with research on hormones and neurotransmitters. Next, the chapter highlights the applications of neuropsychology in the understanding of offending across the life span and reviews research on pre- and perinatal factors related to later offending. It concludes with potential areas for future research.

Copyright/Permission Statement

Biosocial Influences on Offending Across the Life Course (2018) by O. Choy, J. Portnoy, A. Raine, R.J. Remmel, R. Schug, C. Tuvblad, and Y. Yang. In The Oxford Handbook of Developmental and Life-Course Criminology edited by David P. Farrington, Lila Kazemian, and Alex R. Piquero, reproduced by permission of Oxford University Press. Link to the work online:


biosocial influences, offending, heart rate, skin conductance, psychophysiological factors, antisocial behavior, genetics, brain abnormalities, neuropsychology

Available for download on Tuesday, December 15, 2020



Date Posted: 24 January 2020

This document has been peer reviewed.