Neuroethics Publications

Document Type

Journal Article

Date of this Version


Publication Source

Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience



Start Page

Article 86




From the Introduction:

Brain computer interfaces (BCIs) are systems that enable the brain to send and receive information to and from a computer, bypassing the body's own efferent and afferent pathways. BCIs have been used in experimental animal models to augment perception, motor control and even memory (Velliste et al., 2008; Berger et al., 2011; Torab et al., 2011). Human BCIs include cochlear implants and a host of experimental devices including retinal implants (Niparko et al., 2010; Klauke et al., 2011). BCI technology holds the potential to benefit humanity greatly, but also the potential to do harm, and its ethical implications have therefore been addressed by a number of commentators.

Copyright/Permission Statement

All Frontiers articles are Open Access and distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits the use, distribution, and reproduction in other forums, provided the original authors and source are credited.


neuroethics, brain computer interface (BCI), transhumanism, implants, experimental, enhancement



Date Posted: 16 June 2015

This document has been peer reviewed.