Departmental Papers (MSE)

Document Type

Journal Article

Date of this Version

April 2006


Ferroelectric domain patterning with an electron beam is demonstrated. Polarization of lead zirconate titanate thin films is shown to be reoriented in both positive and negative directions using piezoresponse force and scanning surface potential microscopy. Reorientation of the ferroelectric domains is a response to the electric field generated by an imbalance of electron emission and trapping at the surface. A threshold of 500 µC/cm2 and a saturation of 1500 µC/cm2 were identified. Regardless of beam energy, the polarization is reoriented negatively for beam currents less than 50 pA and positively for beam currents greater than 1 nA.


Copyright Materials Research Society. Reprinted from Journal of Materials Research, Volume 21, Issue 4, April 2006, pages 935-940. Publisher URL:



Date Posted: 29 June 2006

This document has been peer reviewed.