Departmental Papers (MSE)

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Journal Article

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A combination of Auger electron spectroscopy and temperature-programed desorption was used to characterize the growth and interaction of Pd films with positively and negatively terminated ferroelectric LiNbO3(0001) surfaces. The growth mode of vapor-deposited Pd layers at 300 K was found to be dependent on the direction of the ferroelectric polarization with layer-by-layer growth occurring on the negative (c−) surface and particle formation occurring on the positive (c+) surface. The Pd metal layers were also found to be more thermally stable on the c− surface relative to the c+ surface. These results provide another example of how the polarization orientation in ferroelectric materials affects adsorption and reaction on their exposed surfaces.


Suggested Citation:
Zhao, M.H., Bonnell, D.A. and Vohs, J.M. (2009). "Ferroelectric polarization dependent interactions at Pd-LiNbO3(0001) interfaces." Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology A. Vol. 27(6).

Copyright 2009 American Vacuum Society. This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and the American Vacuum Society.

The following article appeared in Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology. and may be found at



Date Posted: 02 December 2010

This document has been peer reviewed.