When Job Performance is All Relative: How Family Motivation Energizes Effort and Compensates for Intrinsic Motivation
Date of this Version
Academy of Management Journal
Supporting one’s family is a major reason why many people work, yet surprisingly little research has examined the implications of family motivation. Drawing on theories of prosocial motivation and action identification, we propose that family motivation increases job performance by enhancing energy and reducing stress, and it is especially important when intrinsic motivation is lacking. Survey and diary data collected across multiple time points in a Mexican maquiladora generally support our model. Specifically, we find that family motivation enhances job performance when intrinsic motivation is low—in part by providing energy, but not by reducing stress. We conclude that supporting a family provides a powerful source of motivation that can boost performance in the workplace, offering meaningful implications for research on motivation and the dynamics of work and family engagement.
Originally published in the Academy of Management Journal © 2017 Academy of Management
This is a pre-publication version. The final version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.5465/amj.2014.0898
action identification, energy, family, intrinsic motivation, job performance, monotonous jobs, prosocial motivation, stress
Menges, J. I., Tussing, D. V., Wihler, A., & Grant, A. M. (2017). When Job Performance is All Relative: How Family Motivation Energizes Effort and Compensates for Intrinsic Motivation. Academy of Management Journal, 60 (2), 695-719. http://dx.doi.org/10.5465/amj.2014.0898
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Date Posted: 25 October 2018
This document has been peer reviewed.