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A liquid spherical droplet impulsively accelerated by a gaseous flow is simulated in order to investigate the drag force and the deformation. The dynamics of the droplet immersed in a gaseous flow are investigated by solving the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations using a finite volume staggered mesh method coupled with a moving mesh interface tracking scheme. The benefit of the current scheme is that the interface conditions are implemented directly on an explicitly located interface with zero thickness. The droplet shape changes as it is accelerated, and the deformation factor of the droplet is as small as 0.2, so mesh adaptation methods are employed to achieve good mesh quality and to capture the interface curvature. The total drag coefficients are found to be larger than typical steady-state drag coefficients of solid spheres at the same Reynolds numbers. This agrees with the observation of Temkin et al. [J. Fluid Mech. 96, 133 (1980)] that the unsteady drag of decelerating relative flows was always larger than the steady drag. The large recirculation region behind the deformed droplet may explain this greater drag force. The effects of the viscosity ratio, density ratio, and initial Weber number on the droplet dynamics are also studied. It is found that the initial Weber number and the viscosity ratio have significant effects on the droplet dynamics, while the density ratio does not.
Quan, Shaoping and Schmidt, David P., "Direct Numerical Study of a Liquid Droplet Impulsively Accelerated by Gaseous Flow" (2006). Departmental Papers (MEAM). 275.
Date Posted: 23 June 2011
This document has been peer reviewed.