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When polymer molecules pass near the hyperbolic point of a microchannel cross flow, they are strongly stretched. As the strain rate is varied at low Reynolds number ( < 10-2), tracer and particle-tracking experiments show that molecular stretching produces two flow instabilities: one in which the velocity field becomes strongly asymmetric, and a second in which it fluctuates nonperiodically in time. The flow is strongly perturbed even far from the region of instability, and this phenomenon can be used to produce mixing.
Arratia, Paulo E.; Thomas, C. C.; Diorio, J.; and Gollub, J. P., "Elastic Instabilities of Polymer Solutions in Cross-Channel Flow" (2006). Departmental Papers (MEAM). 170.
Date Posted: 11 August 2010
This document has been peer reviewed.