Date of this Version
Testlet Response Theory and Its Applications
In 1987, Wainer and Kiely proposed a name for a packet of test items that are administered together; they called such an aggregation a "testlet." Testlets had been in existence for a long time prior to 1987, albeit without this euphonious appellation. They had typically been used to boost testing efficiency in situations that examined an individual's ability to understand some sort of stimulus, for example, a reading passage, an information graph, a musical passage, or a table of numbers. In such situations, a substantial amount of examinee time is spent in processing the stimulus, and it was found to be wasteful of that effort to ask just one question about it. Consequently, large stimuli were typically paired with a set of questions. Experience helped to guide the number of questions that were used to form the testlet. It is easy to understand that if, for example, we were to ask some questions about a 250-word reading passage, we would find that as we wrote questions, it would get increasingly difficult to ask about something new. Thus, we would find that eventually the law of diminishing returns would set in and a new question would not be generating enough independent information about the examinee's ability to justify asking it. In more technical language, we might say that the within-testlet dependence among items limits the information that is available from that 250-word passage.
This material has been published in Testlet Response Theory and Its Applications by Wainer, H., Bradlow, E.T., & Wang, X. This version is free to view and download for personal use only. Not for re-distribution, re-sale or use in derivative works. © 2007 Cambridge University Press.
Wainer, H., Bradlow, E. T., & Wang, X. (2007). What's a Testlet and Why Do We Need Them?. Testlet Response Theory and Its Applications, 44-59. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511618765.005
Date Posted: 15 June 2018