Marketing Papers

Document Type

Journal Article

Date of this Version

April 1983


Formal education can be improved by transferring responsibility from the teacher to the learner. A simple approach to this is the time contract. Time contracts have been used successfully in nine quasi-experiments but, despite these successes, some educators see this as subversive research.


Postprint version. Published in Interfaces, Volume 13, Issue 2, April 1983, pages 26-38. The author has asserted his/her right to include this material in ScholarlyCommons@Penn.



Date Posted: 15 August 2006