Cross-Cultural Associations Amongst Self-Acceptance, Other-Acceptance, and Well-Being
Thesis or dissertation
Date of this Version
Previous research within and beyond positive psychology has informed us that one’s perception of self and others is critically important to one’s psychological well-being. Cultural psychology research suggests that the dynamic of ‘self and others’ plays out differently in different cultures. This study empirically measured the associations amongst self-acceptance, other-acceptance, and well-being, and investigated whether different cultural affiliations (operationalized as Korean versus U.S. cultures) modifies the associations among these key constructs. Two hundred thirty-two participants (150 Korean, 61 U.S., 21 other nationality) completed a series of measures in English or Korean. T-tests and Z-tests compared mean level values and correlation strengths between Korean and U.S. participants. The degree of self-acceptance was similar in the Korean and the U.S. samples, whereas the degree of other-acceptance and well-being was significantly higher among the U.S. participants. Self-acceptance, other-acceptance, and well-being were positively correlated with one another. Moderation analyses were non-significant, but trend analyses suggested that self-acceptance and well-being association was stronger for the Koreans than for the U.S. participants, whereas that between other-acceptance and well-being was stronger for the U.S. participants. Findings suggest that broad generalization resulting from a simple dichotomy between cultures may not be appropriate. Still, culture is a highly important socioecosystem in which the issue of well-being should be studied. Thus, further investigations that consider both between and within culture variations are needed.
self-acceptance, other-acceptance, cross-cultural perspective, well-being
Date Posted: 19 December 2014