at the University of Pennsylvania, Graduate School of Education, is comprised of NCAL and ILI. The National Center for Adult Literacy (NCAL) has been engaged for more than two decades in cutting edge and high-impact research, innovation, and training in adult education and technology, as well as in other areas of adult basic education and literacy. The International Literacy Institute (ILI), co-founded in 1994 by UNESCO and Penn, focuses on a broad range of literacy issues from early childhood through youth and adult education, particularly in developing countries.


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