Scholarship at Penn Libraries

Document Type

Conference Paper

Date of this Version



Established in 1999, Borrow Direct (BD) is a partnership of nine independent U.S. universities and the Center for Research Libraries providing expedited delivery of print materials. As such, it has facilitated the delivery of nearly two million items to patrons at these institutions. The rapid emergence of e-books has posed a challenge to this successful resource sharing venture as member institutions have expanded their acquisition of this type of content. How does one “borrow” an ebook from another institution and avoid the need to purchase one’s own copy? Different models are emerging to tackle this issue. Under the aegis of Borrow Direct, Engineering Librarians at seven member institutions have engaged in a pilot project to explore the collective purchase of ebooks via demand driven acquisition (DDA). While neither consortia ebook purchasing nor DDA are unique concepts, what is novel is that this pilot was undertaken without the benefit of a central organization to coordinate this endeavour. This paper will describe the evolution of this project, assess the group’s usage of the purchased titles, and draw comparisons between the level of sharing activity of print engineering materials and the newly formed ebook collection.


Popescu, A., & McGee, D. (2014). Assessing the shared usage of collaboratively acquired ebooks within the Borrow Direct network. Paper presented at: IFLA WLIC 2014 – Lyon - Libraries, Citizens, Societies: Confluence for Knowledge in Session 212 - Document Delivery and Resource Sharing. In: IFLA WLIC 2014, 16-22 August 2014, Lyon, France.

Copyright © 2014 by Adriana Popescu and Douglas McGee. This work is made available under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License:


Borrow Direct, Demand Driven Acquisition, ebooks



Date Posted: 22 July 2014