Momentum is the undergraduate research journal of the Science, Technology and Society (STSC) program at the University of Pennsylvania. Initiated in the spring semester of 2012, the journal seeks to showcase the wide variety of work done both by students in the STSC major and minor and by other students throughout the university whose work is related to our program. See the Aims and Scope page for a complete coverage of the journal: https://repository.upenn.edu/momentum/aimsandscope.html
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PublicationMomentum Volume 5: Full Issue(2018-04-19)Welcome to Momentum, the University of Pennsylvania’s Science, Technology, and Society (STSC) Academic Journal. The Spring 2018 Edition presents a revival of the former journal (inactive since 2015) with an accessible and diverse spirit. In today’s world, technology often becomes synonymous with billion dollar startup companies or the newest iPhone applications. Our goal for this journal is to demonstrate how pervasive and multifaceted technology can be, and the various, if not unexpected ways, we encounter it. The subsequent collection of essays and art works will touch on a few of the many exchanges we share with technology. From the 2015 viral blue-and-black-or-white-and-gold dress to cinematic depictions of dogs, we aim to highlight the vast array of technologies and our interactions. We hope to inspire you to reflect on more of your own experiences and to internalize the expansive role technology has played in history, society, and your own individual life. PublicationMedia Review: The Matrix(2012-04-18) Sellers-Saidi, Terrence; Sellers-Saidi, TerrenceThis paper analyzes the film The Matrix from the perspective of hackers and describes how the film has influenced culture. The film itself analyzes technology and predicts how it may change in the future. PublicationUS Army Field Jacket Development in Response to Material Shortages and the Exigencies of World War II(2012-04-18) Hwang, Tiffany; Hwang, TiffanyHwang explores how the combined power urgency and material shortages forced the US Army into a specific pattern of uniform design and development during World War II. PublicationGood Boy: Canine Representation in Cinema(2018-04-19) Chodosh, CalebThis essay explores the ubiquity of dogs in cinema as means of eliciting fear, love and excitement. Although dogs have acquired several universally recognized traits in society, their depictions on screen vary wildly and do not cohere to form a singular meaning. Dogs appear in many roles: as “good boys” in domestic comedies, as the hero in a coming home flick, and as the muscle to a villain; they have been commercialized, anthropomorphized, weaponized, and racialized. This essay looks as the various ways in which dogs are depicted and what their varying symbolism represents. PublicationMaking an ImPACT: How Immediate Post Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing Became a Standard in Sport(2018-04-19) Crook, CarrieThis paper evaluates how the Immediate Post Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT) system became a standard in the NCAA from its release in 2001 to today. ImPACT is acomputerized neurocognitive testing system that physicians use in assessing and managing concussions. Sociological study often discusses the creation of standards in a broad sense. This paper focuses expressly on the creation of a particular standard in a particular context: ImPACT in the NCAA. The effort, tinkering, reformulation, and doubt that surrounds the creation of a standard is often forgotten once that standard is accepted. This paper unearths the process necessary to establish ImPACT as a standard. It evaluates primary evidence from international conferences on concussion in sport, national medical organization position statements on concussion, and the NCAA’s guidelines to concussion management. Support from powerful institutions, technological expertise, and monetary and practical impetus promoted ImPACT as the standard for concussion assessment in the NCAA. PublicationThe Rape of Nanking vs. the incident of Nanking: a Literature Review(2012-04-18) Man, Chi-Wei; Man, Chi-WeiThe Nanking Massacre has become deeply ingrained in the cultural history of both the Chinese and the Japanese; however it has taken on two perhaps contradictory narratives in each of those communities. PublicationHumanism and the Art of Medicine(2012-12-07) Lewis, Daniel; Lewis, DanielDaniel Lewis explores the importance of humanistic values to modern physicians PublicationOutlaws, Bandits, Hackers(2012-04-18) Silcox, Calder; Silcox, CalderTechnological imperatives may once have forced the first hackers to shift their schedule to the night, but eventually the hacker subculture became inextricably linked to the night and to the outcast and outlaw imagery associated with it. PublicationLetter From The Editor(2018-04-19) Fingerhood, Minna B; Fingerhood, Minna B PublicationThe University of Pennsylvania's Department of Mines, Arts, and Manufactures in Context(2012-04-18) Kearney, William S; Kearney, William SThis paper argues that even though it was short-lived compared to its contemporary engineering schools, the University of Pennsylvania's Department of Mines was an integral part of the changing energy landscape of 19th-century Pennsylvania. In addition to walking the reader through the history of Penn's Department of Mines, the paper explains how the value of science lies not in the lone pursuit of knowledge for knowledge's sake, but in its application to problems of economic importance, ultimately advocating the importance of the dissemination of knowledge.