wH2O: The Journal of Gender and Water: Volume 1, Issue 1

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Now showing 1 - 10 of 11
  • Publication
    The Women, Water and Sanitation Crisis and the Role of the Transnational Corporation: An Evaluation of Initiatives, Incentives and Impacts
    (2017-10-03) D'Angelo, Caroline; D'Angelo, Caroline
    Throughout much of the developing world, women lack access to water and sanitation. This means that women cannot work or attend school, are at higher risk of assault and illness and must care for family members sickened from disease-carrying water. This crisis will only worsen due to increasing water scarcity from population growth, climate change and coming water conflicts . Trans- national companies (TNCs) are in a unique position to provide women water and sanitation (WW&S) access through investment in social enterprises, addressing and mitigating gendered negative impacts, corporate social responsibility and sustainable management (CSRM) programs and governance and stakeholder management initiatives. They have much to gain: investing in water and sanitation access can improve productivity of the work force, create better stakeholder relationships and develop new markets. This paper briefly surveys the available literature on WW&S, and then examines how transnational corporations negatively and positively affect WW&S through real and conceptual examples in corporate social responsibility, investment in social enterprise and governance strategies.
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    The Real Fight Against Climate Change: What Would Woman Do?
    (2017-10-03) Nair, Aishwarya; Nair, Aishwarya
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    Health and Hygiene School Program Initiative for Adolescents in Dhaka, Bangladesh
    (2017-10-03) van Werven, Iris
    The level of knowledge on personal health and hygiene within the Bangladeshi society is limited. Poor hygiene and health practices restricts the socioeconomic, psycho logical and health well being of adolescents, especially girls. This case-study focuses on a health and hygiene school program initiative from two trainers in Dhaka, Bangladesh. To create a comprehensive overview of the methods and activities of the trainers, interviews were conduct ed with the trainers, materials and reports were reviewed, and one school was visited. The trainers organized interactive and participatory classroom sessions, providing adolescents with information ranging from basic hygiene to the effects of drugs and menstrual hygiene. The majority of the participating students were adolescent girls and many students were orphans. The program has resulted in an increased health and hygiene awareness among st u dents and changes in behavior related to food intake and hygiene. Recommendations for further improvement include training the teachers and combining education with installation of latrines and water taps and avenues for socioeconomic improvements to increase income available for health and hygiene investment.
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    Technology & Innovations in the Water Sector: Closing the Gender Gap
    (2017-10-03) Dobyns, Dakota; Dobyns, Dakota
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    Sustainable Community-Based Solutions: Source to Tap and Back Again
    (2017-10-03) Athukorala, Kusum; Brewster, Marcia; Athukorala, Kusum; Brewster, Marcia; Isahak, Anizan; Sinha, Susmita; Zakaria, Salmah
    This article reflects the thoughts and conclusions of a session sponsored by the Women in Water Programme Steering Committee of the International Water Association (IWA) at the Second IWA Development Congress and Exhibition held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia in November 2011. The session, held on 24 November, examined the role women can play in community-based water and sanitation solutions in urbanizing areas. Such solutions range from watershed protection and integrated water resources management (IWRM), to capacity development and stakeholder mobilization. The cases presented reflect the experience and results of projects undertaken by the authors in Asia. The experience of each author brings a broad range of approaches to tackling the challenges faced by water managers in densely populated urban areas. These provide the basis for innovative solutions to expand coverage, strengthen service provision and create new businesses. The article explores ways for communities to work together more effectively to increase knowledge and understanding of the wide variety of interests that exist in a water basin. In particular, community-based solutions can promote protection of the sources of water, and sustainable water and sanitation management. "Source to tap and back again" speaks to the imperative that all people understand the relationship between upstream and downstream users, and that both women and men be involved in resource management. This article addresses the following issues: Watershed management and urbanization; Community-based approaches for sustainable sanitation in urban areas; The leadership and participation of women in IWRM research and development; and Targeting capacity building programs to empower women water professionals in Asia.
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    The Urban Water Transition: Why We Must Address the New Reality of Urbanization, Women, Water, and Sanitation in Sustainable Development
    (2017-10-03) Birch, Eugenie L; Meleis, Afaf; Wachter, Susan; Birch, Eugenie L; Meleis, Afaf; Wachter, Susan
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    Reproductive Health Reform: A Climate Change Adaptation Strategy
    (2017-10-03) Ryan, Julia; Ryan, Julia