Linear Pose Estimation from Points or Lines
Estimation of camera pose from an image of n points or lines with known correspondence is a thoroughly studied problem in computer vision. Most solutions are iterative and depend on nonlinear optimization of some geometric constraint, either on the world coordinates or on the projections to the image plane. For real-time applications, we are interested in linear or closed-form solutions free of initialization. We present a general framework which allows for a novel set of linear solutions to the pose estimation problem for both n points and n lines. We then analyze the sensitivity of our solutions to image noise and show that the sensitivity analysis can be used as a conservative predictor of error for our algorithms. We present a number of simulations which compare our results to two other recent linear algorithms, as well as to iterative approaches. We conclude with tests on real imagery in an augmented reality setup.
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<br>Copyright 2003 IEEE. Reprinted from <i>IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence</i>, Volume 25, Issue 5, May 2003, pages 578-589.<br> Publisher URL: http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/tocresult.jsp?isNumber=26906&puNumber=34 <br><br> This material is posted here with permission of the IEEE. Such permission of the IEEE does not in any way imply IEEE endorsement of any of the University of Pennsylvania's products or services. Internal or personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution must be obtained from the IEEE by writing to firstname.lastname@example.org. By choosing to view this document, you agree to all provisions of the copyright laws protecting it. <br><p>