Utility of PDL Progenitors for in Vivo Tissue Regeneration: a Report of 3 Cases

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Departmental Papers (Dental)
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periodontal ligament progenitors
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Feng, F.
Akiyama, K.
Liu, Y.
Yamaza, T.
Wang, T. M.
Chen, J. H.
Wang, B. B.
Huang, G. T. J.
Wang, S.
Shi, S.

Objective Periodontal disease is an inflammatory disorder with widespread morbidities involving both oral and systemic health. The primary goal of periodontal treatment is the regeneration of the lost or diseased periodontium. In this study, we retrospectively examined feasibility and safety of reconstructing the periodontal intrabony defects with autologous periodontal ligament progenitor (PDLP) implantation in three patients. Materials and Methods In this retrospective pilot study, we treated 16 teeth with at least one deep intrabony defect of probing depth (PD) ≥ 6 mm with PDLP transplantation and evaluated clinical outcome measures in terms of probing depth, gingival recession and attachment gain for a duration of 32–72 months. Furthermore, we compare PDLPs with standard PDL stem cells (PDLSCs) and confirmed that PDLPs possessed progenitor characters. Results Clinical examination indicated that transplantation of PDLPs may provide therapeutic benefit for the periodontal defects. All treated patients showed no adverse effects during the entire course of follow up. We also found that PDLPs were analogous to PDLSCs in terms of high proliferation, expression of mesenchymal surface molecules, multipotent differentiation, and in vivo tissue regain. However, PDLPs failed to express scleraxis, a marker of tendon, as seen in PDLSCs. Conclusions This study demonstrated clinical and experimental evidences supporting a potential efficacy and safety of utilizing autologous PDL cells in the treatment of human periodontitis.

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Oral Diseases
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At the time of publication, author Songtao Shi was affiliated with the University of Southern California. Currently,he is a faculty member at the School of Dental Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania
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