Date of this Version
Growth factor-induced cell migration and proliferation are essential for epithelial wound repair. Cell migration during wound repair also depends upon expression of laminin-5, a ligand for α6ß4 integrin. We investigated the role of α6ß4 integrin in laminin-5-dependent keratinocyte migration by re-expressing normal or attachment-defective ß4 integrin in ß4 integrin null keratinocytes. We found that expression of ß4 integrin in either a ligand bound or ligand unbound state was necessary and sufficient for EGF-induced cell migration. In a ligand bound state, ß4 integrin supported EGF-induced cell migration though sustained activation of Rac1. In the absence of α6ß4 integrin ligation, Rac1 activation became tempered and EGF chemotaxis proceeded through an alternate mechanism that depended upon α3ß1 integrin and was characterized by cell scattering. α3ß1 integrin also relocalated from cell-cell contacts to sites of basal clustering where it displayed increased conformational activation. The aberrant distribution and activation of α3ß1 integrin in attachment-defective ß4 cells could be reversed by the activation of Rac1. Conversely, in WT ß4 cells the normal cell-cell localization of α3ß1 integrin became aberrant after the inhibition of Rac1. These studies indicate that the extracellular domain of ß4 integrin, through its ability to bind ligand, functions to integrate the divergent effects of growth factors on the cytoskeleton and adhesion receptors so that coordinated keratinocyte migration can be achieved.
alpha6beta4 integrin, EGF, laminin-5, keratinocyte, chemotaxis
Date Posted: 24 October 2007
This document has been peer reviewed.