Date of this Version
The paper commences with a review of the concept of Information Communication technology (ICT) and points out how ICT has become a potent force in transforming social, economic and political life globally. It then discusses the linkage between gender and ICT especially how ICT has widened the digital divide gap between Africa and the rest of the world on one hand and between males and females on the other. It later gives an overview of the ICT policy formulation situation in Africa pointing out the gender provisions in the national ICT policy documents of some African countries. It then reviews illiteracy rates and access to telephone facilities, computers, and Internet facilities in Africa and indicates that there is a digital divide on the continent between those who have access to the Internet and related technologies and those who do not. It finally presents the policy options and strategies to be adopted by African governments to enable women benefit from opportunities offered by ICTs. The paper concludes by submitting that unless gender issues are incorporated in national ICT policies in Africa the digital divide will continue to widen and most women that live in African rural populations would continue to be excluded from the benefits of ICT.
Date Posted: 27 February 2014