Theses (Historic Preservation)

Document Type

Thesis or dissertation

Date of this Version



A thesis in Historic Preservation Presented to the Faculties of the University of Pennsylvania in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE IN HISTORIC PRESERVATION, 2009.


The Suddards-Manuel-Clark is one of the oldest, largest and most significant structures of the Woodlands Cemetery, one of the country’s early rural garden cemeteries. This vault was constructed during the main period of development of the Cemetery and has remained greatly intact over its more than 150-year history. This research develops a conservation plan for the monument, focusing on a study of the design, weathering and performance issues of the sandstone structure. Although little is known about the families interred therein or about the construction of the monument, it is clear that there was considerable attention paid to the architectural style and design of the monument as well as to the selection of high quality building materials that have endured decades of a harsh environment. Despite its alternate function as a retaining wall to the bank of a hill, the tomb has withstood constant moisture and structural loads on three sides and numerous decay mechanisms at its façade. A conditions glossary specific to this monument has been created and a conditions survey has been completed. The conditions of the monument were assessed in relation to the design and environment of the site and in relation to each other. Pilot cleaning was carried out and recommendations are made for appropriate future conservation treatments as part of a conservation and management plan for the site.



Date Posted: 20 October 2009