Center for Human Modeling and Simulation

Virtual Human Animation Based on Movement Observation and Cognitive Behavior Models

Norman I. Badler, University of Pennsylvania
Diane M. Chi, University of Pennsylvania
Sonu Chopra-Khullar, University of Pennsylvania

Document Type Conference Paper

Postprint version. Published in Proceedings of Computer Animation, May 1999, pages 128-137.
Publisher URL:


Automatically animating virtual humans with actions that reflect real human motions is still a challenge. We present a framework for animation that is based on utilizing empirical and validated data from movement observation and cognitive psychology. To illustrate these, we demonstrate a mapping from Effort motion factors onto expressive arm movements, and from cognitive data to autonomous attention behaviors. We conclude with a discussion on the implications of this approach for the future of real-time virtual human animation.


Date Posted: 13 July 2007