Center for Human Modeling and Simulation

Document Type

Conference Paper

Date of this Version


Publication Source

AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Interactive Digital Entertainment


AAAI Technical Report WS-11-18.


We present ongoing work on a system that accommodates player agency in a digital narrative with an external plot. We focus on key events that should occur in that storyline for dramatic effect, but do not explicitly specify the characters that should fill the roles needed for those events. Instead, we define them abstractly, with characteristics that the selected characters should have (including previous events they should have completed for eligibility), and rely on a Director construct to populate those roles from agents in the selection pool that fit those criteria. Agents begin as largely homogeneous, primordial entities that accumulate data and narrative value from the events in which they participate. This creates an environment that differentiates characters by the actions they perform, conferring worth onto characters that become important to the player based on their direct involvement in the plot. The focus, then, is on defining a priori the what of the narrative, while leaving it to the Director construct to decide at runtime exactly who among a distributed pool of agents carries it out.

Copyright/Permission Statement

Copyright © 2011, Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence. Available at:


Interactive Narrative, Smart Events, Behavioral AI, Agents



Date Posted: 13 January 2016