Center for Human Modeling and Simulation

Document Type

Journal Article

Date of this Version

11-2011

Publication Source

Computer Graphics and Applications, IEEE

Volume

31

Issue

6

Start Page

45

Last Page

55

DOI

10.1109/MCG.2011.68

Abstract

There has been growing academic and industry interest in the behavioral animation of autonomous actors in virtual worlds. However, it remains a considerable challenge to author complicated interactions between multiple actors in a way that balances automation and control flexibility. In this paper, we propose a behavior authoring framework which provides the user with complete control over the domain of the system: the state space, action space and cost of executing actions. Actors are specialized using effect and cost modifiers, which modify existing action definitions, and constraints, which prune action choices in a state-dependent manner. Behaviors are used to define goals and objective functions for an actor. Actors having common or conflicting goals are grouped together to form a composite domain, and a multi-agent planner is used to generate complicated interactions between multiple actors. We demonstrate the effectiveness of our framework by authoring and generating a city simulation involving multiple pedestrians and vehicles that interact with one another to produce complex multi-actor behaviors.

Copyright/Permission Statement

© 2011 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.

Keywords

crowds, high-level behaviors, coordination, authoring

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Date Posted: 13 January 2016

This document has been peer reviewed.