Date of this Version
The Journal of Modern History
During the 1640s, many Spaniards and Europeans believed that something was going terribly wrong in the Spanish monarchy. Signs of general discontent were widespread, as demonstrated by insurgent political movements in Catalonia (1640), Portugal (1640), and Naples (1647–48). In addition, between roughly 1620 and 1650 the Spanish monarchy was embroiled in an endless and debilitating “global war,” with its armies battling across Europe, America, and Asia. Many of these tensions and conﬂicts were linked to the attempts of the Spanish government, led by Philip IV (1621–1665) and his favorite, and prime minister, the Count-Duke of Olivares, to introduce reforms aimed at creating what was known at the time as a “regular state,” a centralized monarchy in which the king reigned supreme. Although tensions began to abate after the fall of Olivares in 1643, it should not surprise anyone that the 1640s were a period during which many of Philip IV’s subjects believed that the Spanish monarchy was on the verge of total collapse.
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Feros, A. (2001). Review of Ruth Ruth Mackay and Sir John Elliott, The Limits of Royal Authority: Resistance and Obedience in Seventeenth‐Century Castile. The Journal of Modern History, 73 (4), 973-975. http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/340170
Date Posted: 27 February 2017
This document has been peer reviewed.