Date of this Version
Medical Care Research and Review
Insurance expansions under the Affordable Care Act raise concerns about primary care access in communities with large numbers of newly insured. We linked individual-level, cross-sectional data on adult preventive care utilization from the 2011-2012 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System to novel county-level measures of primary care appointment availability collected from an experimental audit study conducted in 10 states in 2012-2013 and other county-level health service and demographic measures. In multivariate regressions, we found higher county-level appointment availability for privately-insured adults was associated with significantly lower preventive care utilization among adults likely to have private insurance. Estimates were attenuated after controlling for county-level uninsurance, poverty, and unemployment. By contrast, greater availability of Medicaid appointments was associated with higher, but not statistically significant, preventive care utilization for likely Medicaid enrollees. Our study highlights that the relationship between preventive care utilization and primary care access in small areas likely differs by insurance status.
This is the post-print version of the article.
primary care, access, preventive care, community effects, audit study
Saloner, B., Polsky, D., Friedman, A. B., & Rhodes, K. V. (2014). Primary Care Appointment Availability and Preventive Care Utilization: Evidence From an Audit Study. Medical Care Research and Review, 72 (2), 149-167. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077558715569541
Date Posted: 27 November 2017