GSE Publications

Document Type


Date of this Version


Publication Source

U.S. Department of Education - National Center for Education Statistics (Institute of Education Sciences)


This report utilizes the nationally representative Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS) to examine changes in the elementary and secondary teaching force in the United States over the quarter century from 1987-88 to 2011-12. The report focuses on three key demographic characteristics: the size of the teaching force, the level of teaching experience of the teaching force, and the racial/ethnic composition of the teaching force.

Copyright/Permission Statement

Originally published by the U.S. Department of Education in conjunction with the National Center for Educational Statistics and the Institute of Education Sciences © 2017 U.S. Department of Education. Available for individual download at



Date Posted: 18 March 2019