GSE Publications

Document Type

Journal Article

Date of this Version

7-2016

Embargo Date

2-7-2018

Publication Source

Early Education and Development

Volume

28

Issue

2

Start Page

154

Last Page

166

DOI

10.1080/10409289.2016.1197012

Abstract

Research Findings: The aim of this study was to provide an initial investigation into the psychometric properties of the Problems in Classroom Engagement Scale (PCES). The PCES was designed and tested for district-wide use as part of the report card system for a large urban school district. The PCES was administered to all first, second, and third grade students in the district. Factor analytic examination revealed a bifactor structure as the best fit to the data. The bifactor structure reflected a general factor of Problems in Behavioral Engagement and two key group factors: Problems in Social Engagement and Problems in Academic Engagement. These factors were found to be reliable within and across grades and demonstrated convergent and divergent relations with academic and behavioral outcomes. Practice or Policy: Findings provide initial evidence to support the routine use of PCES in a large, urban setting. As such, use of the PCES can help in fostering district-wide attention to students’ early behavioral, social, and academic engagement difficulties.

Copyright/Permission Statement

This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Early Education and Development on July 7, 2016, available online: http://wwww.tandfonline.com/10.1080/10409289.2016.1197012

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Date Posted: 06 November 2017

This document has been peer reviewed.