Date of this Version
Association for the Study of Higher Education
This study examined the status and conditions of salaries, tenure, rank attainment, and productivity of men and women college faculty and faculty of each of five racial groups. It is based on a subset of data on 8,114 faculty members drawn from the 1992-93 National Study of Postsecondary Faculty. The results, based on descriptive and multivariate analyses, indicate that, even after controlling for experience, education, productivity, and institutional characteristics, women received 11.3 percent lower salaries than men, had lower probabilities than men of being tenured, and were less likely than men to be full professors. While Hispanic and Black faculty received salaries comparable to those of Whites, Hispanic and Black faculty were less likely than other faculty to be tenured. The study also found that, after controlling for race, education; experience, instructional and research activities, and institutional type, women faculty had 16.7 percent higher levels of career productivity standardized by teaching field than men. Hispanic faculty were found to be 17.1 percent more productive than faculty of other race groups. The implications of these and other findings for higher education are discussed. Four appendixes provide multivariate analysis data.
academic rank (professional), Asian Americans, Blacks, college faculty, faculty promotion, higher education, Hispanic Americans, productivity, racial differences, salaries, salary wage differentials, sex differences, tenure, Whites
Nettles, M. T., & Perna, L. W. (1995). Sex and Race Differences in Faculty Salaries, Tenure, Rank, and Productivity: Why, on Average, Do Women, African Americans, and Hispanics Have Lower Salaries, Tenure, and Rank?. Association for the Study of Higher Education, 2-48. Retrieved from https://repository.upenn.edu/gse_pubs/293
Educational Sociology Commons, Education Economics Commons, Education Policy Commons, Higher Education Commons, Inequality and Stratification Commons, Race and Ethnicity Commons, Women's Studies Commons
Date Posted: 26 August 2015