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Although the participation of mothers in the labor force is viewed more favorably now than in the past, a substantial proportion of American workers continue to believe that women should focus their efforts on the home (Bond, Galinsky, & Swanberg, 1997). For example, surveys by the Families and Work Institute revealed that 41% of employees nationwide agreed in 1997 that men should be the breadwinner and women should care for the home and children, down from 64% in 1977 (Bond, Galinsky, & Swanberg, 1997).


Copyright The Ohio State University. Reprinted from Journal of Higher Education, Volume 72, Issue 5, September/October 2001, pages 584-611. This material is posted here with the permission of the Ohio State University Press. Content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv or website without the copyright holder's written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use.

Note: At the time of publication, Laura W. Perna was affiliated with the University of Maryland, College Park. Currently (August 2006), she is a faculty member at the Graduate School of Education at the University of Pennsylvania.

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Date Posted: 07 August 2006

This document has been peer reviewed.