Gansu Survey of Children and Families Papers


Home environment and educational transitions on the path to college in rural northwest China

Document Type

Journal Article

Date of this Version



Reprinted from International Journal of Educational Development 34 (2014): 98-109.
Publisher URL:


In China, the National College Entrance Examination (gaokao) is an important gateway to future life outcomes. In this paper, we analyze longitudinal survey data from two waves (2004 and 2009) of the Gansu Survey of Children and Families to examine the home environment factors that predict successful transitions on the path to participation in the college entrance examination among rural youth in Gansu province. Our results show that parents play a crucial role in determining their children's life chances through their shaping of a nurturing home learning environment.


Family environment, Parent–child relationship, Parent role, Educational expectations, Educational attainment



Date Posted: 18 April 2016

This document has been peer reviewed.