Penn Nursing is built on a bedrock of doing more. Doing more—as clinicians—to save patients at the bedside. Doing more—as scientists—to solve unsolvable challenges. Doing more—as activists, policy makers, and leaders—to make high quality health and wellness care more accessible in our communities.
Penn Nursing has the number one undergraduate nursing program in the country, is the number one nursing school in the world, and has multiple number one and top-rated master’s programs in the U.S. Penn Nursing experts and leaders have been advancing science and delivering solutions, shaping policy and practice, and engaging communities to promote health for over a century.
PublicationDecreasing Continuous 1:1 Observation of Patients Experiencing Delirium by Improving Nursing Knowledge(2020-12-15) Frankel, Sunne EAbstract BACKGROUND: Nursing leadership identified that Certified Nursing Assistants (CNAs) and Registered Nurses (RNs) on the Acute Care for Elders (ACE) unit lacked delirium knowledge. Patients were being placed on continuous 1:1 observation without proper delirium assessment which the CNO identified as an opportunity to improve resource utilization. METHODS: A quality improvement project was conducted on the ACE unit at Penn Presbyterian Medical Center (PPMC). The CNAs and RNs completed a delirium knowledge survey prior to and after viewing an evidence-based dynamic education module based on the Hospital Elder Life Program (HELP) protocols. Pre- and post-survey mean scores were compared. Continuous 1:1 observation utilization was analyzed two months prior to and two months post-implementation to determine if the education impacted continuous 1:1 observation utilization. RESULTS: 17 CNAs and 34 RNs completed the pre-survey. Mean pre-survey scores were: 11.76 (sd 1.92, range 7-15) for the CNAs and 13.5 (sd 2.11, range 9-17) for the RNs. Ten CNAs and 20 RNs completed the post-survey. The post-survey mean scores were: 13.5 (sd 2.68, range 9-16) for the CNAs and 14.7 (sd 1.76, range 11-18) for the RNs. Bi-weekly continuous 1:1 utilization decreased from 5.0 to 3.4 after implementation of the evidence-based dynamic education module. CONCLUSION: Evidence based education on delirium prevention, identification, and interventions using the HELP protocols can improve CNA and RN knowledge and help reduce the financial strain on the health system by decreasing continuous 1:1 observation utilization. PublicationWorld Health Organizations Surgical Safety Checklist Project(2018-12-02) Lyons, AmberMedical error, especially in the operating room, claims the lives of patients and contributes to complications. A project was conducted to investigate the effectiveness of the World Health Organizations Surgical Safety Checklist. Communication, teamwork, and the readiness of use by the operating room team was measured. The project design was descriptive utilizing the Surgical Safety Checklist and a modified version of the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire Operating Room. Post-implementation responses to the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire Operating Room survey revealed a significant improvement in the surgical teams’ perception of teamwork and communication. Results show the World Health Organizations Surgical Safety Checklist improves teamwork and communication, and improves awareness of patient safety factors when consistently implemented before each operation. PublicationImplementing and Evaluating a Sepsis Algorithm to Mitigate Acute Care Readmissions in an Inpatient Rehabilitation Facility(2020-12-28) Lockett, Michelle LBACKGROUND: Readmissions from post-acute care to acute care hospitals is well documented in the literature. Inadequate management of infection is a top readmission diagnosis and is often preventable. Nurse driven, protocolized treatment is the gold standard for treating sepsis patients in post and acute care settings. A quality improvement (QI) project was implemented in a 58-bed inpatient rehabilitation facility (IRF) to determine if a nurse-driven sepsis algorithm would decrease readmission rates to acute care hospitals, increase nursing staff sepsis knowledge, clinical confidence and communication. METHODS: This QI project was performed during a 3-month period in 2020. Readmission findings were compared before and after the study intervention implementation. Changes overtime in sepsis frequency were assessed through run charts. Pre- and post- survey data of sepsis knowledge, clinical confidence caring for a sepsis patient and care provider and clinician communication was assessed using a Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test. INTERVENTION: By utilizing the Systemic Inflammatory Response (SIRs) criteria, the Situation, Background, Assessment and Recommendation (SBAR) tool and Surviving Sepsis Campaign guidelines, a nurse driven sepsis algorithm was created and implemented in the rehabilitation facility. Additionally, pre-and post-surveys were administered to assess nurses’ knowledge of sepsis, clinical confidence in caring for a patient with suspected sepsis and bedside clinician to provider communication. RESULTS: Results show a decrease in readmissions to acute care hospitals post intervention but no statistically significant change in pre-post survey of sepsis knowledge, confidence or communication. CONCLUSIONS: An additional PDSA cycle of this QI project is needed to determine a true sepsis decrease overtime using the sepsis algorithm. A sepsis pre and post-test, and role play simulations may be key to a change in sepsis knowledge, confidence and communication. Keywords: inpatient rehabilitation facility, IRF, readmissions, sepsis, infection, surviving sepsis campaign, algorithm PublicationMinimizing Obstetric Hemorrhage(2019-12-30) DeLuca, Dena M.; Kelly, Ashley D.; McGuire, Helen M.; Bent, Dawn E.; DiDonato, AngelaPatients undergoing cesarean deliveries are at risk for hemorrhage. In fact, hemorrhage is the leading cause of preventable maternal mortality and accounts for more than 140,000 deaths each year worldwide (O’Brien & Ulh, 2016). Hemorrhage has been associated with a number of well-established risk factors which could be recognized prior to delivery. Women who do not have these risk factors could still experience postpartum hemorrhage, but using a risk assessment tool has been shown to identify 60-85% of women who will experience hemorrhage (Shields, Goffman, & Caughey, 2017). The postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) risk assessment tool, developed by the Association of Women’s Health, Obstetric and Neonatal Nurses (AWHONN), identifies women with PPH risk factors. The tool allows clinicians to prepare for possible interventions and close monitoring of women at increased risk of bleeding, to ultimately prevent mortality. At a metropolitan hospital PPH risk assessments were not being discussed during standard pre-procedure huddles. This quality improvement project added the PPH risk assessment tool to the pre procedure huddle sheet. This facilitated interdisciplinary team discussion of PPH risk factors for patients undergoing cesarean deliveries. There were a total of 575 mothers in the study with 297 in the pre intervention period and 278 in the post. There was a statistically significant increase in estimated blood loss (EBL) between the pre and post intervention groups. While the study tool did not result in a decrease in EBL, it increased awareness among the interdisciplinary care team by facilitating discussion about PPH. PublicationPressure Injury Prevention in Cardiac Surgery Using Risk Factor Assessment and Standardization(2021-08-05) Madeira, Timothy HCardiac surgical patients are more susceptible to pressure injury (PI) than other surgical specialties, and little is known about PI prevention (PIP) in this population. How do PIP strategies, compared to standard care, affect the incidence of PI during the post-operative recovery among adult cardiac surgery patients? The aim was to reduce the incidence of UAPI in an adult CVSICU by 5% in six weeks. The conceptual framework chosen was The Iowa Model Revised, and the theoretical framework employed was the Theoretical Model for Lesion Development. Quality improvement, single-group pretest-posttest design. Sample consisted of 69 cardiac surgery, LVAD, ECMO patients at Johns Hopkins CVSICU. The intervention was a standardized PIP bundle provided to “highest risk” patients screened before surgery. Outcome measures were UAPI count and incidence rates. Process measures were percentage of patients screened, prophylactic sacral dressing, rental bed cost. Balancing measures were PI severity, anatomic location, and time between wounds. Baseline data consisted of historic data and intervention data consisted of weekly survey observations. Implementation consisted of staff education, daily preoperative screening, weekly wound rounds. 33% of patients screened as “highest risk” and received the PIP bundle. PI count decreased from 25 to 13 during implementation and wound stages improved. Chi Square test of 2-proportions showed a reduced PI incidence of 8.56% (Z=1.66, p= .048) and 2-sample Poisson rate showed significance in count (Z=1.95, p=.036). Location changed to nose, buttocks, and occipital locations. There was an overall cost savings of $78,660. Reducing PI lead to reduced morbidity and cost. PublicationThe Impact of a Preoperative Screening Tool for Adults Ages 40 and older on Surgical Cancellations: A Quality Improvement Project(2021-07-20) Bole, Colleen B; Herron, Emilsy S; Sweeney, Allison JPatients ages 40 and older are at increased risk for postoperative complications but are often under-optimized preoperatively due to a lack of proper screening tools. The clinical question for this project was: In patients ages forty and older undergoing elective Otolaryngology (ENT) procedures, how does the use of a preoperative risk assessment tool compared to standard preoperative care influence the rate of same-day surgical case cancellations due to improper preoperative optimization? A pre- and post-implementation design was conducted at an academic medical center with ENT surgical cases. The primary outcome was the rate of same-day anesthesia-led cancellations. Eligible cases included patients forty and older undergoing elective procedures scheduled at least five days prior to surgery. The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) tool was implemented preoperatively as patients were assessed by the team leaders. NICE tool recommendations were documented and reviewed by a Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetist (CRNA). The CRNA forwarded the recommendations to the ENT service. Data was collected for five weeks pre-implementation (n=107) and four weeks post-implementation of the NICE tool (n=109) to determine if cases were cancelled. Pre-implementation same-day anesthesia-led cancellation rate was 4.67%; post-implementation, the same-day anesthesia-led cancellation rate was 8.4%. Cancellations had no association with NICE tool implementation (χ2(1) = 1.144, p = 0.285). PublicationOpioid Prescriptive Practices in Adolescents(2019-01-01) Gewirtz, Justin; Carilo, Zyril PublicationThe Individualized Multidisciplinary Immediate Fall Response Program(2021-07-20) Awotundun, Adenike YAbstract Falls are frequent in older residents in the United States. 800,000 falls occur yearly, one in three residents will fall again within a year (Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality [AHRQ], 2017). In Frey Village, about 25 falls occur monthly with annual fall-injuries of 1.9%. This project focused on the Individualized Multidisciplinary Immediate Fall Response Program (IMIFRP). PICOT Question: In the older adults in a long-term facility (P), does an implementation of the individualized multidisciplinary immediate fall response program (I), improve fall care processes, and reduce fall rate (O) within 2-months post-intervention (T), compared to 2-months pre-intervention (C)? Conceptual and Theoretical Model: The IHI Plan-Do-Study-Act cycle was the conceptual framework that directed IMIFRP. The Theory of Bureaucratic Caring reinforced the impacts of providing quality, ethical, legal, and compassionate care. Methods: This pre/post-design quality improvement project included residents in long-term units, ³ 65 years. The IMIFRP was initiated with each fall. Project outcomes: usage of the IMIFRP form ([TRIPS]— Tracking Record for Improving Patient Safety) for falls data documentation, number of falls and repeated falls. Data were analyzed, using descriptive statistics, and run chart. Result: Fall rate reduced from 41 falls pre-intervention to 30 falls during the intervention. 27% reduced fall rate, 90% compliance rate in utilization of the TRIPS form and creation of a fall management team. Conclusion: The IMIFRP was well supported by the stakeholders and the IMIFRP led to development of a multidisciplinary fall committee. PublicationA Fence for the Wind(2014-03-09) Hildebrand-Turcik, Caitlin PublicationFall Prevention and Injury Reduction Utilizing Virtual Sitters in Hospitalized Patients(2020-12-08) Quigley, BethFalls and fall-related injuries occur far too often in hospitals every year. The goal of the quality improvement (QI) project reported here was to reduce the number of falls and fall injuries in hospitalized patients using virtual sitters and continuous video monitoring (CVM) cost effectively. Run charts portray data trends for fall rates and fall related injury rates at the inpatient care facility in two-week increments over a six-month period. Descriptive statistics were collected to characterize the sample and setting, and differentiate components of the falls, falls with injuries and related costs. The literature review noted positive outcomes regarding both cost savings and reduction in fall rates with the launch of virtual sitters. The QI project with the implementation of CVM with virtual sitters depicted a 14% decline in fall rates and a 6% decrease in fall-related injury rates with a cost savings to the hospital. Plans for expansion of the program were underway with integration into the electronic health record. As modalities such as CVM with virtual sitters are adopted by more institutions, additional at-risk patients will be monitored for fall prevention and additional uses continue to prevail. Fall prevention and injury reduction remain at the forefront of quality care, keeping patients safe.