Interdisciplinary Centers, Units, and Projects
- Academic Entrepreneurship for Health & Medical Professionals
- Center for Bioethics
- Center for Neuroscience & Society
- Division of the Vice Provost for University Life (VPUL)
- Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics
- McNair Scholars
- Morris Arboretum
- Online Learning Initiative
- Penn Institute for Urban Research
- Penn Libraries
- Penn Sustainability Review
- Population Aging Research Center
Cosmetic Neurology and Cosmetic Surgery: Parallels, Predictions, and Challenges
2007-01-01, Chatterjee, Anjan
As our knowledge of the functional and pharmacological architecture of the nervous system increases, we are getting better at treating cognitive and affective disorders. Along with the ability to modify cognitive and affective systems in disease, we are also learning how to modify these systems in health. “Cosmetic neurology,” the practice of intervening to improve cognition and affect in healthy individuals, raises several ethical concerns.1 However, its advent seems inevitable.2 In this paper I examine this claim of inevitability by reviewing the evolution of another medical practice, cosmetic surgery. Cosmetic surgery also enhances healthy people and, despite many critics, it is practiced widely. Can we expect the same of cosmetic neurology? The claim of inevitability poses a challenge for both physicians and bioethicists. How will physicians reconsider their professional role? Will bioethicists influence the shape of cosmetic neurology? But first, how did cosmetic surgery become common?
Africa Virtual Think Tank Summit Report 2020
2020-01-01, McGann, James G, Wadsworth, Alisa, Harris, Emma
The Africa Virtual Think Tank Summit was hosted by the Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program (TTCSP) on Friday, December 4, 2020. Think Tanks and scholars from all over the continent and beyond gathered to reflect on how the COVID-19 pandemic transformed the world and what implications were unique to Africa. Panelists characterized the pandemic as a black swan event and offered actionable plans to prepare for the effects of the pandemic. The event promoted an optimistic and pragmatic approach to the post-pandemic world and emphasized the need for a ‘Resilient, Responsive, and Inclusive Government.’ The Summit concluded with discussing the T20 and the need to make it ‘Fit for an Uncertain Future.’
Creating an Integrated Pest Management (IPM) Program for the Marion Rivinus Rose Garden at the Morris Arboretum
2015-01-01, Lauer, Jennifer J
This project seeks to catalogue the Integrated Pest Management (IPM) approaches practiced in rose gardens throughout the mid-Atlantic region of the U.S. and beyond. It will begin with a section explaining the history of IPM at Morris Arboretum and the theory and practices currently surrounding IPM in a public rose garden setting. Then, priority issues in the Morris Arboretum Rose Garden are examined one at a time by synthesizing research garnered from interviews with other rosarians and academic sources. This information will be interpreted, at the end of the paper, to suggest a renewed IPM program for the Morris Arboretum Rose Garden. Suggestions will include templates for establishing thresholds, keeping records, and early identification and treatment of issues. Appendix A contains the survey tool I created to conduct the research for this project, with a list of all of the respondents. This network of gardeners and IPM specialists should be a future resource as we move forward with new approaches to managing pest and disease issues in the Morris rose garden. Appendix B contains a sample monitoring tool for recording rose performance, as well as threshold guidelines for fungal disease.
Will Future Forensic Assessment Be Neurobiologic?
2006-04-01, Popma, Arne, Raine, Adrian
During the past 2 decades, research on the role of biologic factors in antisocial behavior has made vast progress. This article discusses recent findings and their possible implications for future forensic assessment and treatment. In addition, some relevant philosophical, ethical, and political questions are brought forward.
Methods For Analyzing Components Of Change In Size And Structure Of The Labor Force With Application To Puerto Rico, 1950-60
1969-09-01, Durand, John D., Holden, Karen C.
The increase or decrease of a country's labor force during a given period of time can be factored into the following components: A. Loss by death of labor force members. B. Net gain or loss by immigration and emigration of labor force members. C. Gain by entry into the labor force of individuals from the economically inactive population. D. Loss by retirement from the labor force into economically inactive status (including involuntary withdrawal on account of disability or for other reasons, as well as voluntary retirement). Likewise the change in number of workers attached to a given occupation or industry group of the labor force can be factored into the same four components, plus the fifth component: E. Net gain or loss by occupational or industrial mobility, i. e. transfers of labor force members from one occupation or industry to another. It is useful to subdivide components C and D as follows: C1 and D1. Labor force entries and retirements which would correspond to the maintenance of unchanging age-specific rates of entry and retirement (in the labor force as a whole and in given occupation or industry categories). C2 and D2. Entries and retirements due to changes during the period in the age-specific entry and retirement rates. The sum of components A, C1, and D1 can be considered as a measure of "natural increase" in the labor force as a whole or a given occupation or industry. This is the increase which would result from natural increase of the population and associated changes in its age structure without migration and without occupational or industrial mobility. Components B, C2, D2 and E are media through which the natural increase is modified under the influence of supply and demand factors.
Engaging Students Through Technology Symposium 2013 Student Panel: Dorm Room Diplomacy
2013-10-01, Levine, Zach, Lamas, Andy
The 2013 symposium explored ways through which courseware and online learning technologies can help us improve face-to-face time in the classroom. Guiding questions included: How can technology change what happens in the classroom? How can we best use our face-to-face time with students? How can we support all learners during face-to-face time? How can we ensure that students do what is needed out of class to be fully prepared during class?
The "Difficult" Patient Reconceived: An Expanded Moral Mandate for Clinical Ethics
2012-05-01, Fiester, Autumn
Between 15%-60% of patients are considered “difficult” by their treating physicians. Patient psychiatric pathology is the conventional explanation for why patients are deemed “difficult.” But the prevalence of the problem suggests the possibility of a less pathological cause. I argue that the phenomenon can be better explained as responses to problematic interactions related to healthcare delivery. If there are grounds to reconceive the “difficult” patient as reacting to the perception of ill treatment, then there is an ethical obligation to address this perception of harm. Resolution of such conflicts currently lies with the provider and patient. But the ethical stakes place these conflicts into the province of the ethics consult service. As the resource for addressing ethical dilemmas, there is a moral mandate to offer assistance in the resolution of these ethically charged conflicts that is no less pressing than the more familiar terrain of clinical ethics consultation.