Interdisciplinary Centers, Units, and Projects

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Now showing 1 - 10 of 3070
  • Publication
    Cosmetic Neurology and Cosmetic Surgery: Parallels, Predictions, and Challenges
    (2007-01-01) Chatterjee, Anjan
    As our knowledge of the functional and pharmacological architecture of the nervous system increases, we are getting better at treating cognitive and affective disorders. Along with the ability to modify cognitive and affective systems in disease, we are also learning how to modify these systems in health. “Cosmetic neurology,” the practice of intervening to improve cognition and affect in healthy individuals, raises several ethical concerns.1 However, its advent seems inevitable.2 In this paper I examine this claim of inevitability by reviewing the evolution of another medical practice, cosmetic surgery. Cosmetic surgery also enhances healthy people and, despite many critics, it is practiced widely. Can we expect the same of cosmetic neurology? The claim of inevitability poses a challenge for both physicians and bioethicists. How will physicians reconsider their professional role? Will bioethicists influence the shape of cosmetic neurology? But first, how did cosmetic surgery become common?
  • Publication
    Will Future Forensic Assessment Be Neurobiologic?
    (2006-04-01) Popma, Arne; Raine, Adrian
    During the past 2 decades, research on the role of biologic factors in antisocial behavior has made vast progress. This article discusses recent findings and their possible implications for future forensic assessment and treatment. In addition, some relevant philosophical, ethical, and political questions are brought forward.
  • Publication
    Engaging Students Through Technology Symposium 2013 Student Panel: Dorm Room Diplomacy
    (2013-10-01) Levine, Zach; Lamas, Andy
    The 2013 symposium explored ways through which courseware and online learning technologies can help us improve face-to-face time in the classroom. Guiding questions included: How can technology change what happens in the classroom? How can we best use our face-to-face time with students? How can we support all learners during face-to-face time? How can we ensure that students do what is needed out of class to be fully prepared during class?
  • Publication
    Africa Virtual Think Tank Summit Report 2020
    (2020-01-01) McGann, James G; Wadsworth, Alisa; Harris, Emma
    The Africa Virtual Think Tank Summit was hosted by the Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program (TTCSP) on Friday, December 4, 2020. Think Tanks and scholars from all over the continent and beyond gathered to reflect on how the COVID-19 pandemic transformed the world and what implications were unique to Africa. Panelists characterized the pandemic as a black swan event and offered actionable plans to prepare for the effects of the pandemic. The event promoted an optimistic and pragmatic approach to the post-pandemic world and emphasized the need for a ‘Resilient, Responsive, and Inclusive Government.’ The Summit concluded with discussing the T20 and the need to make it ‘Fit for an Uncertain Future.’
  • Publication
    The "Difficult" Patient Reconceived: An Expanded Moral Mandate for Clinical Ethics
    (2012-05-01) Fiester, Autumn
    Between 15%-60% of patients are considered “difficult” by their treating physicians. Patient psychiatric pathology is the conventional explanation for why patients are deemed “difficult.” But the prevalence of the problem suggests the possibility of a less pathological cause. I argue that the phenomenon can be better explained as responses to problematic interactions related to healthcare delivery. If there are grounds to reconceive the “difficult” patient as reacting to the perception of ill treatment, then there is an ethical obligation to address this perception of harm. Resolution of such conflicts currently lies with the provider and patient. But the ethical stakes place these conflicts into the province of the ethics consult service. As the resource for addressing ethical dilemmas, there is a moral mandate to offer assistance in the resolution of these ethically charged conflicts that is no less pressing than the more familiar terrain of clinical ethics consultation.
  • Publication
    Democracy Today: Lessons from Dreyfus and Zola
    (2008-04-03) Guieu, Jean-Max; Mehlman, Jeffrey; Ingram, Germaine
  • Publication - Bonus
    (2015-12-01) Ghrist, Robert
    In this series, you will find video assets for all video assets from the massive, open, online course, Calculus: Single Variable. The course is taught by Robert Ghrist of the University of Pennsylvania.
  • Publication
    Creating an Integrated Pest Management (IPM) Program for the Marion Rivinus Rose Garden at the Morris Arboretum
    (2015-01-01) Lauer, Jennifer J
    This project seeks to catalogue the Integrated Pest Management (IPM) approaches practiced in rose gardens throughout the mid-Atlantic region of the U.S. and beyond. It will begin with a section explaining the history of IPM at Morris Arboretum and the theory and practices currently surrounding IPM in a public rose garden setting. Then, priority issues in the Morris Arboretum Rose Garden are examined one at a time by synthesizing research garnered from interviews with other rosarians and academic sources. This information will be interpreted, at the end of the paper, to suggest a renewed IPM program for the Morris Arboretum Rose Garden. Suggestions will include templates for establishing thresholds, keeping records, and early identification and treatment of issues. Appendix A contains the survey tool I created to conduct the research for this project, with a list of all of the respondents. This network of gardeners and IPM specialists should be a future resource as we move forward with new approaches to managing pest and disease issues in the Morris rose garden. Appendix B contains a sample monitoring tool for recording rose performance, as well as threshold guidelines for fungal disease.
  • Publication
    Divorce-Law Changes, Household Bargaining, and Married Women's Labor Supply Revisited
    (2007-05-10) Stevenson, Betsey
    Divorce law changes made in the 1970s affected marital formation, dissolution, and bargaining within marriage. By altering the terms of the marital contract these legal changes impacted the incentives for women to enter and remain in the labor force. Whereas earlier work had suggested that the impact of unilateral divorce on female employment depended critically on laws governing property division, I show that these results are not robust to alternative specifications and controls. I find instead that unilateral divorce led to an increase in both married and unmarried female labor force participation, regardless of the underlying property laws.
  • Publication
    Detecting BS in Health Care
    (2018-11-27) Burns, Lawton R.; Pauly, Mark V.
    In the past several months, we have observed several notable signs of deceptive, misleading, unsubstantiated, and foolish statements — what we will call “BS” — in the health care industry. Here we present our Top 10 BS candidates, in both pictures and words. First we present each picture, untitled and without text, thereby inviting readers to discern what the BS message is and engage them in the BS detection process. Then we offer an explanation of what the picture conveys. This will help the reader become a more skilled “BS Hunter.” We reserve the option to expound further as we step in more BS in the future.